Fruit trees

Colonoid pear varieties: the best tips for caring and planting

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All gardeners want to see a variety of fruit trees in their garden. But what to do when the territory is small and you need to distribute it as rationally as possible? In this case, columnar trees will be an excellent solution.

Description and history of selection of columnar pears

Bred Kolonovidnye pear breeder Kachalkin. The main differences from other types are:

  • small size,
  • great fruitfulness.

By the way, in spite of the fact that in all descriptions it is a bonsai, in individual cases its height can reach 2 meters.

Kolonovidnye pears are of two types:

The trunk of the columnar pear is larger than that of the usual fruit trees. And branches with fruits are located along the entire length of the trunk. Unnecessary branches are removed without difficulty.

Variety of columnar pears

Colonoid pear varieties

Sapphire. The first fruit brings in 3 years. Fruits can be picked in September. The features of the fruit are considered elongated and greenish-pink. Pears, as a rule, are large, the weight of one reaches 250 g. Sapphira does not like frosts, therefore storage in the basement will not work for her. Possible cultivation in the suburbs.

Saphira Pear Variety

Carmen. The fruits are ripening very quickly, in summer they are ready for assembly. Ripe pears bright burgundy color and very large, about 300 g. Sweet.

Pear carmen

Tenderness. This variety belongs to the autumn. Fruit weight mediocre, up to 150g. Features: egg-shaped, rich green color. The flesh is juicy and tender, the taste is sour.

Pear tenderness

G-2. The fruits ripen in late November. The fruits of the standard pear-shaped form are knobby. Color is green and pink. Pears smell good and sweet enough.

Decor. Fruits at the end of summer, the beginning of autumn. The first pears can be obtained in the 2nd year of planting. Fruits are yellow, oval.

Pear Variety Decor

G-4. Crop brought in 3 years. Autumn variety. Pears are richly yellow, they can get a pink shade in the sun.

Honey The fruits ripen in summer, to the middle of August. The fruits have a yellow-green color. One of the largest, the weight of one pear reaches 400 g. It tastes very sweet and juicy, the flesh has a pleasant light aroma.

G-3. Variety can be collected in September and October. The fruits are of normal pear shape, but wide and uneven. The skin is bright yellow, very juicy. Like honey, a large one - 400 g. The variety easily endures frosts.

Coloniform pear G-3

Knight vert The first fruits can be obtained in 2 years from the moment of planting. Pears are big and pink. Normally survives at frosts up to - 20 degrees.

Tree with the fruits of pear Knight

Pavlovskaya. Fruits appear on the 2nd year, in October. The fruits are large, sweet and juicy. The skin is thin, yellow-pink color.

D-5. I ripen in August - September. Externally yellow, weight reaches 250 g, the flesh is sour-sweet and juicy. Resistant to diseases and tolerates frosts.

Sanremy. Fruits in October and November. The main feature is the tender and sweet taste of the fruit. They are fragrant and large, their weight is more than 400 g. They do not require special care and survive winters without difficulties.

Pear fruit sanremy

Advantages and disadvantages

First, consider the advantages of the landing of columnar pears on the site.

  • Small size. The trees are very compact and will not take up much space, even in the smallest garden.
  • Skoroplodnost. In the second year, after disembarking, you can get a full-fledged harvest, and not wait 4-5 years as in the case of an ordinary pear.
  • Variety. There is a mass of varieties. Their variety makes it possible to choose the one that will take root and will bear fruit in each, separate region.
  • Transportability of fruits. Due to the small size of all fruits, you can reach out with your hands and gather the entire crop, and not leave the crowns to be eaten by birds.
  • Fertility.

In spite of the list of advantages, columnar pears have their disadvantages.

  • Short lifespan. With normal care, such a tree lives up to 10 years.
  • Care. Requires care more than the usual pear. You need to carefully treat fertilizers and other organics.

Initially, before landing it is necessary to properly prepare the ground. A large hole is pulled out, up to 80 cm deep and 0.5 m wide. In it pours 20 liters of water. We must wait until the liquid is completely absorbed. After that, add the composition of: potassium sulfate, sand, superphosphate and humus.

Fill this mixture with half the pit. We put a sapling and fill it with soil. Well seal the tree.

The landing takes place either in April-May, or in September-October. Immediately after planting seedlings need a lot of water. Therefore, you need to water 3-4 times a week. The first fertilizer should be carried out before the appearance of the sheets, each other with an interval of 3 weeks.

The roots of colony-shaped pears are usually close to the surface, you should not forget about it when you cultivate the soil around the tree.

Also, besides the seedling, the columnar pear can be obtained by grafting. This method also gives excellent results. The fruit becomes many times larger and much faster, but the vital forces of the tree are spent twice as fast. If you take good care of the grafted tree, it will bloom in a year, and the first fruits can be obtained in two.

Below we offer to watch a short video, which says how to plant a columnar pear:

Care and pruning

Unfortunately, proper care for seedlings requires both material and time costs. But after 2-3 years, all expenses will be reimbursed by a good harvest.

Do not neglect the pruned pear trimming. If trees are cut correctly, then they grow by 10-12 cm in a year. And besides growing up, 3-4 new branches grow.

If in the second year you noticed that the tree is well rooted and grows normally then leave 4-5 fruits on it. Then every year increase the number of fruits. Every year, follow the size and number of fruits, because the fruit load for each variety and each individual tree is individual. For example, if last year there were more pears, then the tree is overloaded and the number of fruits must be normalized.

Growing of the pied pear in the garden

To obtain the expected yield of the trees must be regularly fertilized. It is important to do this at the right moment. According to the rules, top dressing occurs during the spring and summer. Best as a fertilizer to use chicken droppings and slurry, urea or saltpeter is also suitable. The first feeding takes place in the spring, after the appearance of the first leaves, the second after a two-week pause, and the third, after 4 weeks, after the first.

Proper preparation for winter is a serious stage. Of course, the columnar pears are frost resistant, but young seedlings require additional care. It is necessary to build protection from the materials at hand, to ensure that it was dry and did not get inside the mouse or any other rodent. Inside, you can leave the needles or lay a straw.

Susceptibility to diseases and pests

The main problem for the columnar pear is fruit gall midge. When it appears shoots gradually darken, the ovary dries and falls. An umbellate and greenish aphid can also damage a tree. As a result of the appearance of white scab, a white precipitate begins to appear on the leaves. Then they dry up and fall away.

Breeding

The best and easiest option to propagate the columnar pear is planting ready seedlings. Still, it can be grown from seed or by grafting. Seeds are rarely used, because the method requires a lot of time.

Green cuttings are necessary for grafting.

  1. Initially, cuttings are cut. They should have more than five sheets.
  2. A couple of days cuttings soaked with root-forming solution.
  3. Stalks are covered with soil.
  4. If he caught on, it will quickly grow.

A very popular and easy breeding method for pears is grafting. Gardeners comment that in this way the tree grows much better than in other variants. The stock can be a regular pear.

All fruits of columnar pears are distinguished by their special taste and delicate aroma.. They can be stored for a long time, and the tree itself is not afraid of frost. If you provide the pears with the care they need, then as a result you can get a good harvest. In addition to practical properties, columnar pears can be an excellent addition to the design, for example, serve as a fence or an original decoration.

The content of the article

  • Colonoid pear varieties: the best tips for caring and planting
  • Pear varieties "Veles": description, features of planting and caring for seedlings
  • Colony-shaped apple "Vasyugan": description of the variety, planting and care

Planting a crown-shaped pear

There are several tricks regarding how to plant a columnar pear. Trees of this species have their roots close to the surface of the earth, so in order to protect the root system that has not yet taken root, it is best to plant them in spring. In addition, it is preferable to plant young trees, because they are less susceptible to various diseases.

First you need to prepare the soil and dig a small hole. The prepared place is abundantly moistened with water, after which a seedling with well-spreading roots is installed vertically. After planting, the seedling should be re-watered and some earth should be added.

Coloniform pears are easy to maintain. For such trees is required:

Watering. Soil irrigation should be uniform. It is not recommended to water the pear near the trunk. It is best to do it under the crown or outside.

Loosening. From time to time the ground around the seedlings is required to loosen. They do this with extreme caution, because the roots of a young tree are located close to the surface, they can be accidentally damaged,

Top dressing. The best fertilizer for pears is manure, chicken dung, saltpeter or urea,

Protection from weeds and pests. Chemical solutions are used to protect the pear from fungi and pests, and dill, tobacco or marigold are planted around the tree,

Crop. To maintain the size and shape of the tree, it is necessary to slightly shorten the trunk and monitor its overall condition. In diseases of the trunk, sleeping shoots begin to grow. In this case, you need to select and leave the strongest process, and remove the rest. Pruning of this type of pears is carried out from spring to autumn,

Preparing for the winter period of time. First you need to collect all the garbage, after which you can do the protection. The trunk is recommended to wrap a dense material (for example, roofing felt), and inside you can fall asleep needles.

A columnar pear is a real find for small gardens, as it takes up little space. Trees are unpretentious in care and beautiful in structure. Subject to simple rules on their content, the pear will annually rejoice with a good harvest.

Description dwarf pear

Compact small tree is valued for good survival, quite simple care. A tree grown from a seedling begins to bear fruit in the second year. In the very first year, the prickly pear will bestow a harvest of up to 3 kg of large fruits. All varieties of dwarfs are winter-hardy and unpretentious to the soil.

Some trees grow to 2.5 meters, mostly columns grow to 1.5 meters, but covered with fruits. It seems that the pears stuck to the trunk. In fact, they are tied on small branches. The crown is not formed.

  • unpretentiousness
  • yield,
  • resistance to adverse conditions
  • compactness
  • high yield.

The tree requires regular pruning, abundant watering, fertilizing adult pear.

The tree will feel good on the cramped platform, so long as the north wind does not make her cringe. The best planting materials are ready seedlings of the columnar pear, purchased in the nursery.

The plant can be propagated by green cuttings. A seedling grown from seeds must be grafted, otherwise a wilderness will grow.

Varieties of dwarf pears are few, but they are diverse. Coloniform pears of various ripening terms are offered from early summer, with a short shelf life, to winter ones, which are gaining in taste. Fruits are used fresh and in all methods of preservation.

However, dwarfs do not live long. Fruiting can last 7-15 years. The duration of the commodity period is affected by the conditions of detention.

Planting and growing conditions for dwarf pears

Saplings of pears are planted in spring, in a pit prepared from autumn. In this case, the land from the fall is fueled only with organic fertilizers. The pit has a depth of 50 cm, the distance between the trees is 1–1.5 m. A bucket of water is poured into the litter that has been thickened over the winter. On a soaked mound a pear is planted, straightening the roots. Dusted with sand, ¼ consisting of granular superphosphate. Until the tree takes root, you need frequent watering. The site of the graft is not buried in the ground.

Next to the roots should be a nutritious earth, and the sand is only powder. Watering a young tree is needed systematically.

Such an uncomplicated planting of the columnar pear and caring for it makes the plant a favorite in many gardens in the Moscow region. If the flowers appear in the year of planting, they must be completely removed so that all forces are directed to the development of the root system. Next year leave a few fruits. In the third year, the column will give a full harvest.

Pruning pear required annual. But the deeper the pruning, the more young shoots appear. The golden mean is to shorten the side branches to the second bud. He loves fruit trees, nitrogenous organic and mineral fertilizers. Suited slurry and fresh kuryak, but in the first half of summer.

Three times feeding with urea is a treat for the columnar pear. The first time is sprayed on young leaves. Foliar nutrition is repeated two more times with an interval of 2 weeks.

If pears begin to shrink, it means that the tree is overloaded with harvest. The next season you need to make regulation, so as not to deplete the tree.

Preparation of the colony-shaped pear for wintering is necessary, despite the declared winter hardiness of almost all varieties. The steadiest keep fruit buds from freezing at -25 C. But in the suburbs the temperature is lower, and young trees are less winter-hardy.

Protection is created from dry scrap materials:

Protection from mice and hares will become a prickly tree tied to the base. The best insulation will be a snowdrift.

The best varieties of pears in the Moscow region

Peer into a photo of a columnar pear - an unusual ornamental plant is used in hedges and country estate design. If we consider that ruddy bulk pears delight the eye from July to mid-September, it is difficult to abandon the compact garden. Competent selection of varieties will help create a pear conveyor.

For winter varieties include those that ripen from November to January and are stored almost all winter. These include varieties Dalikor, Sapphire G1, Favorite Yakovlev G3.

Pears that are harvested in August and early September are stored for about a month. They are sweet, expire juice. Examples of such varieties are: Autumn Dream, Tenderness, Decor. In August, you can eat columnar pear G322. The variety is self-fruited, unpretentious. Fruits of yellow color, sometimes, ruddy cling to the trunk completely. It is possible to store the removed crop week. The weight of a pear is about 200 grams. Grade G333 already represents the autumn variety with outstanding taste.

Starting from the beginning of June, one can eat Kolonovidny pears of Carmen, variety G5, Honey. Fruits reach 300 g and are very tasty. Honey pear pear tree bred in 1964 by Soviet breeders. Fruits 290-540 g with juicy sweet pulp were rated 4.92 points on a five-point scale. Winter hardiness is above average. Productivity to 110 kg from one tree. Honey pear resistant to major diseases, and the fruits are stored until February. The variety is recommended for cultivation in the Moscow region.

Whatever varieties of a columnar pear for the Moscow region are considered, their yields are much higher than the spreading large tree, taking into account the occupied area. But to care for compact trees, to protect them from frost is much easier. The fact that a dwarf pear enters fructification early smoothes the lack of a short life of a tree. You can quickly wait for the harvest from the young sapling, parting with the old tree.

For industrial fruit orchards, the Carmen variety is ideal. On one hectare fits up to two thousand plants. Dark red 300 gram fruits are bought up like hot cakes. A pear Decor has fruits yellow with the scent of roses. The variety is very resistant to major diseases, it tolerates the climate of the Moscow region.

Description of known varieties

  • SortCarmen. It is a beautiful garden plant with burgundy pear-shaped fruits that look especially attractive. The final ripening of the fruit takes place in the summer. The mass of one fruit often reaches 250-300 grams, while it has very sweet flesh. Most often, people plant a variety to create large gardens with a density of 1.5-2 thousand individuals per hectare.
  • Late summer varieties are represented by the popular hybrid decor. Fruits ripen in late August, and the first period of fruiting begins in the second or third year of life. The fruits are famous for their large size and weight up to 260 grams, as well as a short oval or pear shape. Their color may be straw yellow. Сорт отлично переносит неблагоприятные климатические условия, поэтому часто выращивается на дачных участках в Подмосковье.
  • Grade pears G-5 ripens in the summer-autumn period. Ripe fruits are colored in yellow tones and have a unique pulp flavor. G-5 seamlessly copes with low temperatures and is practically not amenable to pests and diseases.
  • Pear variety G-2 begins to ripen in late autumn. Its fruits are characterized by a certain roughness and the correct form. Fruits can be painted in greenish shades with rusty spots. They are distinguished by the gentlest flesh and delicate flavor. The maximum weight of adults reaches 200 grams. The variety perfectly tolerates the effects of low temperatures and effectively fights against all sorts of pests.
  • G-3. Representatives of the variety are early autumnal. They gained great popularity due to large fruits weighing up to 200-400 grams with a wide pear-shaped, slightly bumpy form. Also pear G-3 is famous for its winter hardiness and strong immunity, which makes it possible to fight against any diseases or winter temperatures,
  • G-4. This autumn variety begins to bear fruit for 2-3 years of its life. In this case, maturation begins in the first half of September. Fruits are distinguished by an unusual yellow color, which is highlighted by a blush in the side.

Sapphire Colony

Representatives of the winter-hardy variety Sapphire belong to the autumn varieties with large 180-230-gram greenish-yellow fruits. An adult one-year-old or two-year-old tree grows up to 2.3 meters, so it will look beautiful on a plot without formative pruning.

Ripe fruits have an incredibly sweet, delicate and juicy flesh with an unsurpassed aroma and excellent taste. Ripening occurs at the end of the first autumn month, and the fruits do not lose their taste until winter.

The description mentions that Saphira pear - It is a winter-hardy variety, which gives a high yield even when grown in harsh climatic conditions. The tree has a well-developed immunity that allows you to effectively deal with various diseases or pests. There are no particular difficulties in planting and caring for this pear.

Honey variety

Gardeners love and respect honey pearls very much. high yield and fast fruiting. However, the normal development of culture is possible only with the implementation of the basic points, which consist in:

  • choosing a suitable planting material
  • compliance with the rules of landing,
  • proper care.

The history of the variety begins in 1964, when free pollination of the famous Bere Bosc variety was conducted at the Crimean Experimental Gardening Station.

Pear belongs to the group of late autumn varieties, growing to two meters in height. Pyramidal crown has an average thickness and beautiful shape. The first crop appears for 3-5 years from the moment of planting. Sharpness is seen when landing on a dwarf rootstock.

The main value of the representatives of the variety is the large size and weight of the fruit. Ripe specimens can weigh from 400 to 520 grams. They are painted in a greenish-yellow tone with a brownish surface blush. Subcutaneous points are characterized by gray color and small size. As for taste, they are presented high juiciness, oiliness and tenderness. Also, the fruits have a kind of honey flavor and slowly melt in the mouth. If you give them an estimate of 5-point system, then it will be 4.7-5.

In most cases, the honey pear is grown in the North Caucasus regions, although today it has found great demand in the Moscow region and surrounding regions of the country.

Dalikor Dwarf Pear

In addition to the name Dalikor, generalized characteristics corresponding to varieties G-4 will be on the label. They will not give a complete understanding of what the gardener will receive. The variety of dwarf (columnar) pear Dalikor meets the following parameters:

  • The maximum height of the trunk of an adult tree is 2 m,
  • using trimming, a column is formed with flattened upper branches,
  • the life of the tree - 10 years,
  • fruit weight from 300 to 500 g,
  • abundant fruiting,
  • the pulp of the fruit is uniform, tender, without granules, not tart,
  • The plant is resistant to diseases and insect pests.

Dalikor is a variety of autumn ripening, with high keeping quality. Wide, juicy fruits with a taste of butter cream with proper storage will be the decoration of the New Year's table. Longer save them very rarely.

Doien do Comis

In terms of taste, the Doyen do Comis variety is recognized as the best among mid-ripening for temperate latitudes. From this dwarf tree, it is difficult to achieve similarities with the columnar plants, but this is not the only negative. The main unpleasant moments in the cultivation are:

  • the necessity of the neighborhood of pollinator varieties, despite the fact that the variety itself is also self-propelled,
  • the need to normalize the crop by removing excess ovaries in the fertile season,
  • the variety is characterized by spontaneous discharge of some fruit in June.

All these shortcomings are compensated by the taste qualities of juicy, thin-skinned, large fruits. For your information: Variety number Pýrus communis Doyen do Komis - 590.

The best varieties of pears for the Moscow region

Despite the small size of the plant itself, dwarf pears give decent yields. Some of the varieties that are widespread in the Moscow Region can be stored at a positive (stable) temperature for 5-6 months, others are characterized by increased immunity to diseases. According to different criteria, the best varieties for the Moscow region are:

  1. Dalikor - 35-40 kg, 70-80 fruits from one tree.
  2. The decor has a high immunity to sporioz and moniziozu, it has high rates of winter hardiness, the variety is self-fertile, does not require cross-pollination and special selection of soil for planting.
  3. Carmen is a great variety for pear lovers with a taste similar to Williams. Dignity - resistance to scab, high taste, adaptability in any soils. Disadvantages - low frost resistance and yield.
  4. The favorite of Academician Yakovlev is yields up to 50 kg, fruiting later (4-5th season), fruit weight 200-400 g, the taste is similar to quince. To increase the yield of the self-cultivating variety, pollinators are needed — the daughter of Blankova and Esperen.
  5. Honey - up to 80 kg of the harvest, consisting of yellow fruits weighing 400-500 g, but it is not possible to preserve the fruits for more than 2 months fresh. The grade is unpretentious in leaving, neither drought, nor frosts are not terrible to it. There are no special requirements for the ground either. The tree begins to bear fruit on the 3rd season.
  6. Dream of Autumn is a variety with fruits whose weight varies from 200 to 400 g. Fruiting in the 5th year after disembarking to a permanent place. Good for making jams, compotes. Despite the tenderness of the pulp, the juice content is moderate.
  7. Sapphire is highly resistant to sudden temperature changes, which does not affect the taste and yield of the variety, high immunity to disease. Fruiting in the 3rd year. The peculiarity lies in the fact that the fruits are recommended to be harvested from the tree at the stage of technical maturity, while they can be eaten in 2-3 weeks. The maximum shelf life until the first decade of December.
  8. Severyanka - a variety that begins to bear fruit in the Moscow region for the 2nd year after planting. A slightly stronger tree gives stable yields of up to 60 kg per plant. Harvesting takes place at the beginning of September, ripe fruits fall, Northerner's taste is sugary-sweet.

Each columnar pear variety has its advantages and disadvantages, which must be taken into account when choosing seedlings. Varieties grown in the Moscow region are suitable for the regions of central Russia.

For the Urals, winter-resistant pears of early ripening periods should be selected as cover crops, with a minimum growing season, which is dictated by hot, but very short summers.

One of the original varieties of frost-resistant dwarf pear trees that give the fastest results and rich yields is Pavlovskaya. She is unpretentious in the care. The first large, juicy, yellow (with bright taste and aroma) fruits will delight the gardener already the next season after planting. Minimum of care, resistance to diseases, large fruits with original taste are the main advantages of the variety Pavlovskaya.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of dwarf pear varieties are:

  • small area of ​​cultivation,
  • simplicity of saplings to acidity and density of the soil,
  • fast onset of fruiting,
  • large yields in relation to the area occupied by the plant,
  • several possible breeding methods
  • ease of preservation of trees in the winter, which gives a small height of plants.

The main disadvantage of dwarf trees in front of truly columnar is the mandatory annual formation of the crown, preventing its branching, thickening, which would lead to a lack of sunlight for the fruit.

Common breeding methods

As a rule, the very first seedling of a certain variety appears on the site from the nursery. The advantage of the dwarf tree over the columnar is that, in addition to grafting, it can be propagated by cutting. Due to the complexity of the process for independent many years of germination, amateur gardeners practically do not use the method of seed reproduction, and not all varieties of columnar pears can be grown in a similar way.

Irga and quince are the best stocks for the inoculation of the columnar pear. For this operation, it is better to choose the time in late April - early May. Cloudy weather - the most favorable for this type of work.

Attention! Strong, 70-80 cm shoots harvested in winter.

There are three types of vaccinations:

For work, you need a decontaminated sharp knife or pruner, garden warp, and garter materials:

  1. Preparation of stock: all branches are shortened to 40 cm or removed.
  2. The cut on the shoot is made at an acute angle so that it has a maximum area of ​​contact with the wood stock.
  3. A deep cut is made in the stock wood.
  4. The cut of the varietal shoot is combined with the open wound of the stock, fixed with a bandage, electrical tape, and wire over the cotton fabric.
  5. Place vaccinations from all sides processed garden pitch.

The approximate healing time and unity of the stock with the graft boom is 3-4 weeks.

Cuttings

When used for propagation of garden plantings, special attention should be paid to the selection of planting material - on each cutting 25-25 cm long there should be 5 fresh leaves and 2 internodes. In order for the shoots to give roots faster, they must be put into water with “Kornyovin” dissolved in it - a compound that accelerates the growth of roots.

After planting on the cuttings, 3 of the largest leaves are pinned, the plant is covered with a can for the time of rooting.

Planting Conditions for Dwarf Trees

The tree's health, its yield, immunity to certain strains of diseases are programmed not only during selection, but in the process of planting, choosing the optimal place, selecting a favorable neighborhood with other garden and garden crops, preparing the soil.

Selection of seedlings and varieties

When buying a seedling, you need to pay attention to the following factors indicating the health of the plant:

  • The evenness of the cortex without bumps and damage.
  • The root system should not contain signs of rotting, dry, dying areas, damage to the rhizome - cuts.
  • The young (one-year-old sapling) in most varieties has a greenish shade of bark - this is the best planting material for survival.

The choice of a young healthy sapling is 50% of success. The main thing is that its adaptability to new growing conditions should be the highest, and this is possible with the purchase of a plant bred specifically for specific climatic conditions. The marking will help to understand this:

  1. G-1 is winter varieties (late ripening). They are suitable for warm and temperate latitudes.
  2. G-2 is a frost-resistant variety bred for cultivation in Siberia and the Urals.
  3. G-3 - early autumn varieties with a good coefficient of frost resistance, suitable for planting in areas with hot long summers and harsh winters in a temperate continental climate.
  4. G-4 differs from G-3 varieties in taste.
  5. G-5 - late summer varieties adapted to the conditions of the Urals.

Let the labeling of plants is not as poetic as the names of the variety, but it is more informative. The presence on the label of the seedling labeling allows the gardener to understand the characteristics of the variety without a register of garden trees, especially since not all varieties are introduced there.

Soil selection and preparation

Pear in terms of soil selection plant unpretentious. Like any fruit plant, it needs nutrients, organic fertilizers will provide them. While preparing the planting well, you should not neglect the enrichment of the soil due to the introduction of humus into it.

Distance between trees

The plan for planting a pear shaped bird looks like this:

  • Dimensions of the hole: depth - 80 cm, width - 60 cm.
  • The distance between the holes in the row is 50 cm.
  • The distance between the rows is 100-150 cm.

If these planting parameters are observed, low-growing plants will have enough light, and full air circulation will be ensured.

Root system features

Considering that the roots of a dwarf plant do not go deep into the ground, but are located almost parallel to the upper soil layer, weak sandy soils are enhanced by sphagnum. This moss multiplies rapidly, strengthening the soil. When landing in sandy and loamy soils such measures are not required.

Planting technology of colloid pear

The planting scheme given above is used when laying out an orchard with plants about the same height. If it is necessary to plant one seedling among giant trees, it is necessary to take into account not the distance from the trunk of a nearby plant, but the dimensions of its crown. An undersized pear will be uncomfortable in its shadow, which will affect the health and productivity of the young tree.

Proper care

The yield and health of the tree depend on the correct care. Correct, does not mean plentiful! All stages of care should be carried out in a timely manner and without much fanaticism. Excess fertilizers contribute to the growth of the trunk and leaf mass, but the yield may be zero. Neglect of prophylactic insecticide spraying will result in a serious disease even for a plant with high immunity. The pruning not carried out in time will turn the columnar tree into a simple dwarf tree with a thick rounded crown.

How to properly cut the pear?

Pruning a pear in the autumn is an obligatory step necessary for the formation of a crown. In order for a dwarf pear to have the maximum benefits of a columnar plant, it is necessary to cut off the shoots so that from autumn only 2 eyes are left for them.

In spring and summer, only shoots affected by frost or disease are removed, since the annual growth of the vegetation mass is insignificant.

Loosening and mulching

These two stages are directly related to each other. Loosening is done immediately after harvesting the mulch in the spring and after harvesting, before preparing the plants for the winter period. It is necessary to loosen the air and water in sufficient quantities to reach the roots of the plant, and it is necessary to mulch to protect the root system: from frost in winter, from pests, excessive drying or excessive moisture in summer.

Let's go to fertilizer

Nitrogen is a fundamental element for the development of a plant, for it to overcome painlessly all stages of the growing season, up to a set of fruits with the maximum possible weight for a variety. Nitrogen-containing fertilizers are introduced before flowering and during the formation of fruit ovaries. On the need to make potash, phosphate fertilizers and other trace elements should be guided by the state of pear foliage.

Planting pears in spring

During the spring planting of fruit trees, most gardeners will express their opinion, dividing the gardens in a territory with a rather harsh Russian climate, arguing this choice with the following advantages:

  1. Spring planting usually begins in autumn: a planting pit is being prepared and charged, which by spring will be in perfect condition to receive a seedling,
  2. In spring, the soil, filled with moisture from the melting snow, will provide the most comfortable conditions for the young tree to adapt after planting,
  3. Throughout the summer season, the sapling grows and becomes stronger, gaining strength for the first wintering, and the gardener closely follows its development, helping the tree and correcting the problems that appear, while it is possible,
  4. Spring planting is more suitable for regions where summer is short and winter comes quickly and early. A fruit tree planted in autumn may not have time to take root and prepare for winter.

The disadvantages of planting trees in early spring include the need for trees to both take root and start a vegetative cycle, as spring takes its course, and all living things begin to grow.

But with careful observation and careful care, this minus is insignificant.

In each region, the concept of "early spring" is determined by local climatic features. In addition, the weather does not repeat from year to year, therefore, when choosing the dates for planting pears, one should take into account forecasts for the current spring.

Beyond the Ural Mountains and in Siberia, the April heat may be replaced by a sharp cooling and snowfall until the end of May.

Так что жители районов рискованного земледелия раньше середины мая никакие посадочные работы не ведут.

А вот в Поволжье с его достаточно мягким климатом уже в первой половине апреля сажают деревья, чтобы они успели укорениться до наступления жары и засухи.

Central Russia, including Moscow, is the golden mean in the planting schedule: the second half of April - the first half of May.

In any case, the main principle is the same: the earth is already amenable to digging with a shovel, and the trees have not yet dissolved the leaves.

Planting pears in the fall

Autumn planting of fruit is preferred in the southern regions, where the long warm autumn gives way to fairly mild winters.

An important advantage of the autumn planting in these regions with frequent droughts and hot summer is the risk of burning out of spring seedlings that did not have enough time to get stronger.

If a pear is planted here in September or the first half of October, then it will have time to increase new roots for winter, to adapt and prepare for winter.

If you do not avoid the autumn planting of a pear seedling in Siberia, then this should happen no later than September, otherwise the risk of freezing of an immature plant is high.

In the Moscow region, in the fall, you can plant pears in the second half of September and early October.

There are situations when the seedlings can be obtained at the most inappropriate time for planting - late autumn.

In such cases, dig a trench, put the seedlings in it at an angle, drop them with earth, cover them with peat, fallen leaves, cover with non-woven cloth to protect them from frost. And in the spring planted in a permanent place.

How to choose a plot for planting pears

The more sunlight and heat a pear receives, the richer its flowering is, and the fruits are sweeter and juicier.

So the most open and sunny areas, preferably protected from strong winds, are allocated for this fruit tree.

If the garden is laid in a newly developed area, free from landings and buildings, elevated grounds give away fruit trees, where groundwater is no closer than three meters.

In the lowlands of the garden will be uncomfortable due to high humidity and stagnation of cold air, and groundwater can completely destroy the adult tree.

The fact is that the root system of a pear penetrates the layers of the earth to a fairly decent depth. Reaching the groundwater flow, the roots begin to rot, and the tree to wither.

When planning a site for a pear, it is important to remember that a powerful root system, which is three meters wide and deeper, requires loose, breathing loams, and communications laid underground can become an obstacle to normal development.

A pear is a large tree with a rich crown, giving a fertile shade on hot days. Keeping this in mind, the pear is planted on the north side of greenhouses and greenhouses, which require maximum illumination.

How to choose pear seedlings

Buying a sapling in nurseries or specialized stores is the best option both for a beginner in gardening and for an experienced summer resident, because the professionals are involved in preparing the planting material, and the seller will provide expert advice on planting and subsequent care.

Saplings of fruit trees are sold with a closed root system (in a container or bag that keeps an earthen ball, thereby protecting the roots from drying out and injury) or an open root system - you can inspect the condition of the roots.

Choosing a healthy seedling is half the success when growing pears in the summer cottage.

The gardener should critically examine the planting material, paying attention to the condition of all visible parts: the stem, shoots, buds, bark, roots.

Based on clear selection criteria for seedlings, you can purchase the strongest and most promising plants.

Requirements for soil for planting pears

Pear less demanding on the composition and acidity of the soil than other fruit. The best option for pears is sandy soil with a slightly acid reaction.

Agrotechnics noted that on soils with low acidity the pear is less affected by scab than on neutral, but does not tolerate alkalized soils, experiencing a shortage of basic macro-and microelements, loses its ability to frost resistance and suffers from chlorosis.

To determine the acidity of the soil, it is not necessary to use reagents - it is enough to pay attention to weeds that prefer the summer cottage:

High acidity soil is enriched with dolomite flour, hydrated lime.

For the oxidation of soil with high alkaline indices, potassium sulphate, granulated sulfur and gypsum are introduced into the soil with deep digging.

It is possible to do without chemicals on weakly alkaline earth: to dig up the earth with the introduction of higher dosages of organic matter (rotted manure, swamp peat, pine needles, oak litter compost).

Sowing sideratov also contributes to improving the quality of alkaline soil: lupine and other legumes, white mustard.

Preparation of a landing hole for pear

The size of the ground for pears depends on the number and type of seedlings:

  • For tall trees with a spreading crown and a strong root system, the place is planned at the rate of not less than 5 m per one seedling,
  • The distance between medium growth pears is 4 m,
  • Low-growing enough 2.5 -3 m,
  • Kolonovidnye can be planted through a half meter.

Having outlined the required number of seats, dig holes up to 60 cm deep and at least 80 cm wide with vertical walls on which to make incisions with a shovel, so that new roots can more easily penetrate into dense layers of soil.

The upper fertile layer is useful when planting a tree, so it is carefully sorted, throwing back the roots of weeds, garbage, stones.

For planting seedlings with an open root system in the pit immediately set the number, whose height above ground level at least half a meter. 10–15 cm of drainage is poured at the bottom — large expanded clay, crushed stone, broken brick, and pebbles.

If the soil is clayey, heavy, then the drainage is covered with a layer of sand - at least 5 cm, and the planting substrate is also diluted with sand, rotted sawdust, and peat - this will provide the soil lightness, friability and breathability.

If the ground is too light and loose, clay is poured at the bottom of the pit to retain moisture.

The fertile layer of soil from the pit is mixed with an equal amount of compost and humus, and the pit is filled with this composition.

Immediately before planting, the ground in the pit is loosened and sprinkled with ashes.

Step-by-step pear planting scheme

  1. A seedling with an open root the day before planting is placed in a container with water (a solution of root formation stimulator). Before this, the roots inspect, remove damaged fragments.
  2. In a well charged in advance, taking out the ground, they make a hollow so that the roots fit freely, pour in a bucket of water.
  3. While the water is absorbed, the main root of the seedling and the large side roots are trimmed with a pruner so that at least 20 cm is left: this pruning stimulates the speedy growth of new roots. Remove residual foliage
  4. Sprinkle the slices with pounding coal, place the seedling in the pit so that the roots are freely stretched, not broken, the support peg is on the south side of the tree trunk, and the root neck is 3–4 cm above ground level
  5. The hole is evenly covered with the removed soil, slightly shaking the seedling so that the earth covers all air cavities. While tamping up the soil around the trunk, it is important not to lose sight of the level of the root collar: it must rise 2-3 cm above the ground so that the subsequent shrinkage of the soil does not allow it to enter the soil. The barrel is neatly tied to a peg in two places - top and bottom
  6. Having formed a hole around a trunk, the tree is watered (1 to 2 buckets of water), and the near-stem circle is mulched with compost or humus, peat, rotted sawdust, and freshly cut grass. Mulch is necessary to limit the evaporation of moisture and prevent the formation of a hard earth crust. Weeds are harder to break through the mulch layer, which means the young tree will have fewer competitors in the fight for moisture and nutrition. Do not sprinkle the trunk of the pear with mulch - the adherence of the wet layer to the bark of a still weak plant may cause rotting
  7. At the end of the planting, the central trunk and lateral shoots of the pear are pruned to a quarter of the height.

Planting pears with a closed root system

A sapling acquired with a closed root system is planted along the same lines, but with the following features:

  • A seed stake is not required for the seedling, since the earthen room with which the pear will be planted will keep the vertical position of the trunk,
  • The day before planting, the seedling is watered well, so that it is easier to remove it from the container without damaging the roots,
  • If it was possible to keep an earthen clod, then the ground is poured into a hole, compacting the soil around the earthen clod,
  • If the earth lump has crumbled, then they put it according to the above scheme.

All other stages of planting are the same for seedlings with an open and closed root system.

The main task of the gardener is to not bury the root neck of the tree when planting.

Care of seedlings

In the first season, young trees require special attention of the gardener, because the result in the future depends on the first months of life:

The first 10 days the sapling does not need watering.

After 10-15 days, depending on the weather, the young pear is watered at the rate of up to two buckets per tree.

The older the pear, the less often, but more moisture: 1-2 times a month, 3 buckets in a trunk circle.

Sprouting is useful for mature trees, especially during dry periods.

Loosening and weeding

After each watering, the tree trunk circle is cleared of weeds and carefully loosened so that the air gets to the roots.

The closer to the trunk, the smaller the depth of loosening, so as not to damage the roots. If necessary, pristvolny circle mulch.

A pear tree planted in a well-charged hole the first summer does not need additional food.

Only a year later, in spring, when the pear wakes up for the new season, fertilizer will be needed:

  • Nitrogen-containing complexes contribute in a small amount only in early spring,
  • Crowded mullein, bird droppings, wood ash - the best means of feeding the pear in spring,
  • Before flowering and during the formation of the pear fruit, the addition of wood ash will benefit;
  • Full mineral complex - in the fall, when digging up the soil at the end of the season,
  • In the garden, siderats are planted between the trees and mowed them in the fall, mulching with greenery on tree trunks.

Pest and disease protection

Careful observation of the growing tree will allow time to notice emerging problems and take action.

When attacking pests (aphid, leafworm, mites, moth), young pears are treated with soap-and-soap solutions or insecticides (Actofit, Bitoxibacillin).

If symptoms of diseases (scab, rot, powdery mildew, spotting) are detected, the use of fungicides is effective (“Trichodermin”, “Fitosporin - M”, “Gamair”).

The drug "Gaupsin" - simultaneously fights against viral diseases and insects.

In autumn or early spring, the trunk of young pears is whitened to protect against insects that prefer to hide under the bark and from the first sun rays that can cause burns.

Preparing young pears for winter

Adult pears easily tolerate even harsh winters, and young trees require protection from both frost and rodents.

To help the pear winter, trunk is covered with spruce branches, mulched, wrapped with cloth, covering material.

A metal or plastic mesh around the trunk, laid around or near the trimming of hoses, car tires will save from rodents.

Common mistakes when planting pears

When planting perennial crops, especially when it comes to fruit trees, it is necessary to take into account every nuance and not to neglect the advice of experienced gardeners, because mistakes lead to irreversible consequences:

  • The desire to plant a tree older, to get the fruit early, often does not meet the expectations of an inexperienced gardener.

The older a tree is, the harder it takes root, the longer it takes to adapt, the more often it gets sick. The best age of a sapling is 1-2 years,

  • Preparing the pit just before planting is a serious mistake.

Sediment causes the root collar to deepen, and as a result, the bark begins to rot and the tree perishes.

This process is gradually stretched over the years, so the gardener cannot understand what happened to the tree, tries to save it with reinforced dressings, which also negatively affects the already weakened plant,

  • The introduction of not completely rotted manure and sawdust is very dangerous for young landings. Continuing to overheat, these components release substances that can cause serious harm.
  • Overfeeding seedlings during the season can kill the plant. Sapling enough power supply, which laid when properly seated,
  • Excessive mulching, when a layer of mulch closes up closely a part of the trunk, leads to diaper rash and bark problems,
  • For planting, select varieties adapted to the conditions of the region.

For areas with severe winters - Ural and Siberia - pears with increased frost resistance are required, for example, Skorospelka Sverdlovskaya, Severyanka, Dekabrinka, Taezhnaya, Lel, Otradnenskaya.

Chizhovskaya, Moskvichka, Avgustovskaya Rosa, Fairy Tale, Allegro, Rognedo, Belorusskaya Late.

Preparing for the winter

The beginning of the preparatory stage begins immediately after the harvest is completed, the mulch layer is removed from the ground along with fallen leaves, fruits, insect larvae, pathogenic microflora. To protect against insects that have chosen the bark of the tree as a shelter for wintering, the trunk must be covered with a layer of lime whitewash.

Pear varieties that are not resistant to frost should be wrapped with polyethylene and sacking. A 10 cm layer of fresh (warming) mulch — peat mixed with sawdust or straw — is placed on the loosened soil above the root system. With the predicted harsh winter, you can additionally cover the ground with fir spruce branches.

Fight against diseases and pests

It is easier to prevent the disease than to treat it. The main preventive effect is the early spring spraying of fruit trees with insecticides, which is a good measure to combat aphids, pear sage and mites. In the fight against many diseases of pears, planted tobacco and melissa will help.

Features of cultivation in different regions of Russia

The main features in the cultivation of pear-shaped pear trees in different climatic conditions are in the timing of preventive protection measures, the thickness of the layer of mulching and covering material of the plant itself.

If spraying of pears according to weather conditions in the Moscow region is recommended in the last decade of April, then in the Krasnodar Territory this stage of leaving will be at the beginning of the month. For adult plants of frost-resistant varieties of pears in the Moscow region, you can not use the wrapping of a tree in sackcloth, then for Siberia and the Urals, all varieties of dwarf pears are considered covering materials that require compulsory warming.

Features and description of the columnar pear

A columnar pear is a dwarf representative of fruit and ornamental garden trees, which belongs to the Rosy family and the Pear family. This culture practically does not differ from its larger relative - the usual pear. The only exception is the size of the tree and the shape of the crown. The territory of Central Asia and Transcaucasia, where these beautiful fruit trees first appeared, is considered to be the birthplace of a colony-shaped pear. According to experienced gardeners, the columnar pear has a number of advantages that allow you to plant a large number of trees on a small plot of land without any problems, while receiving a huge harvest of juicy fruits.

The word “pear” probably came from the word “pear”, which was written in the Belarusian chronicles. That is how in ancient times this fruit was called. This is most likely due to the crunch of juicy pulp of pear during a bite.

This type of pear was bred for the first time by the domestic breeder Kachalkin and since then has been very popular.

Description of the columnar pear:

  • Coloniform pears are dwarf deciduous fruit trees, which, by their characteristics, do not differ much from ordinary pears.
  • The maximum height of the columnar pear reaches 2.5 m, while the usual pear can grow by 4-5 meters. The average height of the columnar pear in the garden can be about 1.5 meters.
  • The trunk of the columnar pear is thicker.
  • The dwarf tree of the columnar pear is very compact and takes up little space on the site.
  • The branches do not grow much, they are located along the trunk and with a large regrowth they can be cut off. In appearance, these pears resemble a tall column.
  • The leaves are rather large, wide, dark green in color with a glossy surface. Can grow right on the trunk and flattened branches to it.
  • In spring, fragrant white flowers appear in this dwarf tree, gathered in umbrella inflorescences.
  • Fruits ripen on small branches, which are densely covered with the entire trunk.
  • Fruits in a prickly pear are larger than normal. The weight of one fruit can reach 400 grams (in the summer variety).
  • The fruits are also distinguished by juiciness and high yield.

Variety of pillared pear

To date, there are not so many varieties of colony pears, but breeders are working hard to increase the number of varieties of this dwarf fruit tree. Все имеющиеся сорта можно разделить на раннеосенние, позднеосенние, осенние, зимние, летне-осенние. Каждому из этих сортовых групп присущи свои особенности, объем урожая, размер плодов и их вкус. Приведем пример описания сортов колоновидных груш, которые получили популярность среди садоводов.

Груша колоновидная «Сапфира»

  • The pear of this variety begins to bear fruit for 3 years after vaccination.
  • Full ripening occurs in September. It is during this period that you can harvest.
  • Fruits of this type of columnar pear differ in large size. The weight of a pear can reach 200-250 grams.
  • The shape of the fruit is slightly elongated, different greenish-pink shades.
  • Fruits do not tolerate frost, so they will not be stored in the basement or in another cold place.
  • To taste the fruit is sweet and juicy.
  • It is quite winter-hardy variety.
  • You can make jam, jams and confitures from the fruits of the Sapphire's columnar pear.

Pear-shaped "Carmen"

  • It is a dessert variety of columnar pear.
  • Due to its compact form and beautiful appearance during flowering and fruiting, it can be grown as a decorative element.
  • This variety of pears is distinguished by bright coloring of fruits - red-burgundy.
  • Fruits quite large fruits, the weight of one can be about 200-250 grams.
  • To taste the fruits of this variety are juicy, sweet and sour.
  • Starts to fruition in the second year and has a fairly high yield.

Features of landing in an open ground

The adult individual is much smaller than the usual garden dweller, and during mass distribution they resemble columns, which is why such an unusual name has gone.

The fruits of the columnar pear are famous unique aroma and delicious tastewhile they retain their properties for a long time. There are many types of such trees, but some varieties deserve special attention and respect.

Outwardly similar garden culture looks very attractively, because of what it can perform not only practical, but also a decorative role, being a valuable decoration for small territories. Consider all the features of dwarf fruit tree in more detail.

Coloniform pear is a relatively young hybridwhich was bred by assiduous breeding. Despite its small age, the variety is very popular and is interested in a large circle of summer residents.

The tree boasts an unusual crown and a unique structure: small branches tightly pressed against the trunk.

As for the fruits of the tree, they possess delicious honey flavor and incomparable aroma. Culture has received great recognition due to the lack of difficulties in self-planting and care. In addition, it takes root freely in harsh climatic conditions and is characterized by increased winter hardiness.

Trimming features

Pruning measures determine the effectiveness of fruiting and the rate of growth. However, if at some stage irreparable mistakes were made, it can cause the death of the tree. To avoid this kind of event, it is enough to perform pruning in two ways:

  • shortening young shoots
  • thinning branches.

Pruning can be implemented in spring and autumn.

As for the spring pruning, it is best done in March or April, when the average temperature of the air becomes comfortable and the buds begin to swell. It is known that the pear-shaped pears are light-loving plants, therefore it is important that the pruning ensures a uniform distribution of heat in all areas.

Shaped pruning carried out on young trees, and on adults, to reduce the load on the thick branches during the ripening of fruits. In addition, pruning can be worn and sanitary purposes, when removing dry branches to improve growth productivity.

Autumn activities are intended for sanitary purposes at a time when it is warm enough outside, but the leaves have already flown around. If you missed such a period and the temperature became too low, it is better to postpone the action until spring, otherwise the risk of branches freezing increases.

Young saplings are pruned only at autumn planting in a year. If they were planted in the spring, then by the fall they are not yet sufficiently developed, so pruning is not necessary.

Proper formation of the crown begins with the first year of life. For example, annuals are cut at a height of half a meter from the level of the soil, and an exact cut should be made on the kidney from the opposite side of the vaccination. Biennial plants need pruning the center conductor stem.

Three years later, the seedlings are 3-4 branches.

Conclusion

And though the ciliated pears are considered very hardy and hardy culture, they need to be properly prepared for winter.

As a protection, you can use any available materials, it is important that they are dry. Sawdust, coniferous spruce branches or straw perform well.

Also a good shelter from the cold can be snow, with the help of which the plant is knocking.

Observing all the listed rules, you can grow a really beautiful and prolific plant.

Pear-shaped "Tenderness"

  • This sort of columnar pear is autumn.
  • Fruits are medium in size, the weight of one is about 150-200 grams.
  • Differs in fruits of egg-shaped form of saturated yellowish-green color.
  • The fruit is juicy and slightly sour to taste.
  • This variety has a good yield, fruits can be collected in September.
  • Coloniform pear to bear fruit Tenderness begins only 5 years.

Pear-shaped "Decor"

  • Kolonovidnaya pear of this variety reaches 2 meters in height.
  • Fruiting begins in the second year.
  • Differs in good productivity and endurance, it is rarely affected by various diseases.
  • Fruits are large, the weight of one reaches 200 grams.
  • The shape of the fruit is pear-shaped, yellow-green in color.
  • The taste of the fruit of this variety is juicy, sweet with sour and white flesh.
  • Harvest can be collected at the end of August.

Pear-shaped "Honey"

  • The honey is a summer variety, the fruits ripen in August, when they can be collected in large quantities.
  • The fruit of this variety is yellow-green with an orange side.
  • The shape of the fruit is slightly oblong oval.
  • Differs a variety of good yield and very large fruit sizes. The weight of one fruit can reach 400 grams.
  • Pears of this tree are very fragrant, the pleasant smell of which lasts for a long time.
  • The fruits are juicy and sweet.
  • Fairly cold-resistant variety, grows well on any soil.

Pear-shaped "Nai Vert"

  • This grade of pear-shaped pear begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting.
  • The yield of the variety is good, the fruits ripen large. The weight of one can reach 200-250 grams.
  • The color of the fruit with a pink side, very tasty and sweet.
  • This variety of dwarf trees does not tolerate severe frosts.

Pear columnar "Sanremy"

  • This variety has a high yield and unpretentiousness to the landing site.
  • It has a fairly high frost resistance.
  • It is a late autumn variety, crops can be harvested in October or November.
  • The fruits are very large in size, the weight of one can be almost 400 grams.
  • To taste the fruit is very sweet and juicy, delicate with flavor.

Pear columnar "Severyanka"

  • This type of columnar pear is characterized by rapid growth and earlier ripening of fruits.
  • Harvest can be collected in late July or early August.
  • The fruits of this variety are medium sized, yellow-green with pinkish spots and streaks.
  • To taste juicy and sweet.
  • If the trees are already ripe, they can be stored for no more than two weeks. If you pick pears before they are fully ripe, the shelf life can be increased to 1.5-2 months.

In addition to the above, it is possible to note the pear Kolonovidnaya Delight, Pavlovskaya, Lyubimitsa Yakovleva.

Preparatory work before planting the columnar pear

A kolnoobrazny pear is still considered an unusual guest in garden plots, so it is important to carefully prepare before planting this crop. It is important to choose the seedlings of dwarf pears and decide on the place of planting. Only with a competent and serious approach to the preparatory stage, you will be able to grow a healthy and fruitful tree of a pony-pear.

Stage 2. Choosing a place for planting a columnar pear

  • Kolonovidnye pears do not differ particularly fastidiousness to the landing site.
  • An important condition is that the planting of the columnar pear must take place in a place protected from wind and drafts. Since the tree itself is not large in size and at a young age it can be damaged during strong gusts.
  • The place for planting this crop, you can choose even the most secluded and remote. For one tree it is enough to use 50-60 cm of land.
  • Some varieties of the columnar pear are used as decorative elements of landscape design, so they can be planted on the plot near the house.

Watering the prickly pear

Without regular watering, you are unlikely to get a good harvest. Therefore, it is very important to monitor the condition of the soil surface and develop a specific irrigation regime. When the weather is cool enough, it is necessary to water the pear-shaped pearls approximately once every 3 days. If the weather is hot, the amount of watering increases to daily. For proper irrigation in the wheel circle, make a small depression and water directly there. So you will ensure normal moisture saturation of the roots.

Preparing a crown-shaped pear for winter

In autumn, when all the foliage has fallen, it is necessary to start preparing seedlings for the winter. Initially, clean all the debris around the trees, otherwise pests could start there. If your seedling is not yet three years old, it is better to shelter along with the apical bud, since at this time it is especially sensitive. For shelter use burlap.

It is also important to protect the root system. To do this, cover the tree trunk circle with sawdust, straw and spruce legs. To prevent damage to the tree trunk with hares and mice, it is wrapped with roofing felt and spruce paws.

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