The desire to have a piece of relic forest in your home will come true if you purchase nephrolepis.
This is an amazing plant ─ same age dinosaurs. During the time of Queen Victoria, ferns became very popular in English homes.
Then they decorated the interiors of mansions and palaces in Russia.
The world of ferns is very diverse. In home floriculture there are also many species, the most famous of ferns is nephrolepis.
The name he received from combinations of two Greek words: nefris ─ kidney and lepsis ─ scales. Nephrolepis is hardy, and at the same time he has no equal in grace. This is a fairly large fern. The length of the leaves is very diverse: from 2.5 meters to 30 cm.
Nephrolepis belongs to the Davallia family along with the Davallia fern.
Room nephrolepis counts about 30 species and many varieties, for example:
The most common variety. Both potted and ampelous are grown. In nature, it is an epiphyte. The plant is located on a high erect stem.
Photo subspecies Nephrolepis Sublime:
The leaves of this representative nephrolepis are located almost vertically. On the shoots under the ground there are tuberous cones.
Photo subspecies Nephrolepis Cardiac
Ampelnoe plant, is considered one of the most beautiful ferns: long stems hang loosely in the form of a fountain, the leaves are openwork, slightly twisted. Especially spectacular this fern when standing alone on a tall stand.
Photos of the Nephrolepis Green Lady subspecies:
Its leaves reach a length of one and a half to two meters. In nature, distributed in Florida and on tropical islands in the Atlantic. In the rooms it is grown as an ampelous plant.
Photo subspecies Nephrolepis Xiphoid:
It was obtained about 100 years ago as a result of breeding from the xiphoid fern. He has drooping curly fronds, rich greens. There is 10 varieties Boston Nephrolepis.
Photo subspecies Nephrolepis Boston:
A variety of nephrolepis sublime, is of interest for indoor floriculture, as it is a rare type of terry fern with slightly curly raised upward hairs.
Photo subspecies Nephrolepis Corditas:
With wavy and twisted edges of the leaves, very decorative.
Photos subspecies Nephrolepis Kinky:
Features care after purchase
Store conditions are different from home conditions, and the plant needs getting used to.
Having brought the fern home from the store, you must first put it on the table directly in a wrapper and hold it for several hours.
Then unroll and leave in the same place, checking the soil moisture. If it is dry, pour water at room temperature.
After a day, you can determine it to a permanent place. In case the wai tips start to dry, the fern stands put on a plastic bag before that sprinkling the plant.
They keep it under the package for 2-3 days, then take it off for a day and put it on for about a week for about a week, then take the package off completely.
The first time Nephrolepis transplanted after purchase. Usually in two weeks. The plant must be carefully removed from the transporting pot, shake off the roots of the transporting substrate, trying not to damage them, remove the floral sponge, if it is found. In the future, the plant does not require frequent transplantation.
Nephrolepis does not require special lighting. The only thing that can not make it ─ is the bright sun, so it should be pritenyat. And even better to put on the north or north-west windows, and in the summer to send to the open balcony, to the garden and also try to make it in partial shade.
The fact that it is a plant of the tropics in its origin, presents certain difficulties in organizing the temperature and humidity conditions.
Nephrolepis loves warmth he suffers from temperature fluctuations.
She is should not hesitate throughout the year and be somewhere around 18-20 degrees.
If nephrolepis is cold, it stops growing. Leaves darken and fall off. Ferns are harmful drafts.
Nephrolepis demanding and moisture. For him, the optimum humidity should be at the level of 50-55%.
Maintain a comfortable atmosphere for the plant as follows:
- Spray the plant regularly with soft warm water and do it at least twice a day,
- fill the pallet with pebbles and always keep it wet,
- put the pot in a deep pan and fill it with moss, moisten it often, like pebbles,
- hang on the heating battery under the window, on which nephrolepis stands, a wet cloth and constantly wet it,
- to arrange a warm shower for him, having previously closed the ground in a pot with a plastic bag.
The plant is always watered with lukewarm water, abundantly in spring and summer, in the fall they gradually reduce watering, in the winter they are watered very moderately. But the soil should not dry out.
According to A.A.Ladvinskaya in his book “Decorative Leaf Plants”, nephrolepsies are painlessly managed without supplements.
But better feed This helps build green mass, which is important for ferns.
Usually use standard fertilizer for decorative leafy plants.
Feeding is necessary from April to September weekly. Many growers use the Agricol fertilizer for convenience.
With such works it is useful follow the rules below:
- nephrolrolepsis should be replanted once a year, better in early spring (some experts advise you to do a transplant at the very end of February, early March),
- for fern it is better to prepare shallow, but wide enough pots, the wider the pot, the faster the fern will grow,
- drainage should be laid out at the bottom of the pot, it can be broken clay shards and perlite mixed with moss,
- the soil is composed of 1 part of sod land, 2 parts of leaf, 1 part of peat, 1 part of humus and sand, the mixture must be disinfected by steaming in an oven at 200 degrees, or left outside if the frost is below 10 degrees,
- can buy ready-made land for ferns,
- it is good to add crushed coal to the earth mixture,
- Nephrolepis is placed in a pot, the rhizomes are gently sprinkled with soil, and each layer of soil is slightly moistened,
- the substrate can not be minimized
- the transplanted plant should be placed in the depth of the room, farther from the sun's rays,
- be sure to maintain the required humidity.
The fern is removed from the pot, shaken off the soil and the rhizome is cut, checking that there is a growing point in each part.
Then all separated parts are planted in pots with a wet substrate.
For better rooting, you can cover the pots with a glass jar or a plastic bag.
Within a month the plant should be in a warm semi-shady place.
They are first sown in a small container. To get a spore, you need to cut a healthy leaf and scrape it from the bottom of it with a plastic or wooden knife. Spores sprinkled with a layer of earth a little less than half a centimeter and well watered. Shoots begin to appear in about 10 days.
Some types of nephrolepis form tubers, the plant can be propagated by dividing the tuber and slightly drying the cut point, or young tubers can be separated and planted in a new pot, shoots appear quickly.
Leaf antennae rooted, pinning them to the ground and securing them carefully. After they give the roots and deployed 2-3 vayi, which need to be separated from the parent bush and put in a separate pot.
Diseases and pests
- spider mite,
- a shield,
- leaf nematode.
The affected plant is treated with actellica or karbofos.
When infected with a spider mite, it is necessary to treat not only plants, but window sills and frames. Mite can live in wooden frames for a long time. Shchitovka affects all plants standing nearby.
Often the plant is sick due to defects in care. With insufficient moisture, the plant is covered with brown spots, turning yellow.
He needs to arrange a shower and close the cellophane package, put in partial shade.
Open the bag only for spraying. Put nephrolepis under the shower as often as possible. This is done until the plant is restored.
The fern can suffer due to lack of lighting or, conversely, from the sun's rays, when the fronds begin to dry, should analyze the light level.
Nephrolepis infects the leaf and root nematode. It comes from poor-quality water (too cold or hard). The plant will inevitably perish.
Nephrolepis can also dry when the roots are rotting when irrigation is immeasurable or because of the accumulation of water in the bottom of the pot without drainage.
It is recommended to start nephrolepis for people who are often experiencing nervous stress, with weak immunity. Nephrolepis are ideal for rooms filled with heavy energy.
Tips for flower growers:
- put nephrolepis around the TV in winter, its radiation will be useful for the plant,
- ferns look better if they stand apart from other plants,
- it grows well around a fish tank
- many varieties of nephrolepis are sterile, so they can only be propagated vegetatively,
- ferns are better to buy during the period when heating does not work in apartments, at this time it is easier for them to adapt, because the natural humidity of indoor air is higher at this time than during the heating period,
- brown dots on the sheets below are not a disease.
Video on the topic
Find out the interesting facts about fern Nephrolepis from the video below:
The most common is without a doubt nephrolepis sublime (Nephrolepis exaltata). It has many varieties that differ from each other in length and structure of the leaves. Most of them are plants with very long, hanging leaves, it grows even up to 2 meters. On one stem, grow very closely, small, green, oblong leaves. They may be slightly wavy, feathery or even double feathery ('Bostoniensis', 'Piersoni', 'Roosveltii' , 'Superbissima' and many others). These ferns look best if they are installed on furniture, almost under the ceiling or in hanging pots. Their leaves are bent so that they can hang freely from the pot without obstruction.
In addition to species that are characterized by long leaves, there are also dwarf varieties that grow 30-50 cm. Most often they have strongly corrugated, dense leaves ('Norwoodii', 'Bostoniensis nana'). These varieties are best grown in round, low pots or bowls, because, as a rule, not very deep roots like to grow to the sides. They have the form of a wide bush, so you should not plant them with delicate varieties of ferns, for example, adiantum because they can drown them. In addition, they are so decorative that they look best as a tapeworm.
Another pot type, much less popular nephrolepis cardiac (Nephrolepis cordifolia). The most famous variety is'Dufii'. Looks a little different than his cousin. It is much lower and, as a rule, reaches about 40-60 cm in length, and its small, almost round, leathery leaves will melt on a hard stem. The decorative qualities of this fern are most noticeable when it grows alone in a pot. Suitable for growing in containers, hanging pots, but they must be low enough so that you can freely admire the beauty of these low plants. It is also one of the most resistant ferns, which grows well at home.
Like all ferns, nephrolepis also needs moisture, both in the air and in the soil. It prefers to stand on pebbles with water or near a humidifier than direct spraying of leaves. It is impossible to prevent stagnation of water in the pot, but at the same time to prevent the drying of the substrate. The potted land should be constantly wet, never wet. Nephrolepis needs a little more light than other ferns, although it does not tolerate direct sunlight. It will transfer the partial shade, but it will be much better to develop on a sufficiently illuminated place.
Soil and breeding
Like most ferns, fertile soil is needed, with a slightly acidic reaction. The most suitable for them will be the appropriate mixture for growing ferns, which we can easily buy in most garden shops. Nephrolepis multiplies by cuttings that appear on the shoots. In favorable conditions (heat and moisture), it takes root very easily. We can get new plants by dividing adult specimens during transplantation. Fern needs regular fertilizing fertilizer for green plants during the growing season.
Nephrolepis fern is a herbaceous plant, epiphytic or above ground. The fern has a short rhizome, a rosette of light green color, short-stem pinna-like leaves, the length of which reaches 70 cm. . Over time, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off. From the root system there are shoots without leaves, which are covered with scales and can easily take root.
Types and varieties of fern nephrolepis
It is worth noting that in the culture it is customary to grow not so many plant species, so we consider the most popular ones.
Nephrolepis exalted. In nature, it is an epiphyte or ground herb that has a vertical rhizome. On the rhizome, a rosette develops, consisting of large, peristosyllabic light green leaves, the length of which reaches 70 cm. The leaf plates are located on short petioles. On the leaves there are lanceolate segments, the length of which reaches 5 cm, edges serrate-crenate. When a plant grows old, its leaves turn yellow and fall off. On the root system are formed whips, covered with scales, which can easily take root. Nephrolepis sublime in the wild grows in the territory of the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. Elevated nephrolepis has many different varieties:
- Nephrolepis Roosevelt. The fern is a large plant with protruding in different directions fronds with wavy segments.
- Scott Nephrolepis. A fern is a small plant whose leaves are curled around the edges.
- Nephrolepis Maas. It is a fairly compact variety that has wavy leaves.
- Nephrolepis Green Lady. This fern is considered to be very beautiful, thanks to its lush fountains, consisting of open wavy leaves with a sharp top.
- Nephrolepis Emina. This fern belongs to undersized compact varieties. The plant is characterized by erect fronds with curly leaves in carved teeth along the edges.
- Nephrolepis Boston. This fern is a straight-growing plant, bred in the United States, which literally immediately became popular among breeders.
Nephrolepis cardiovascular. Its main difference lies in the fact that there are swellings on the underground shoots that look like tubers. They are covered with scales of silver or white. In addition, this variety has fronds with denser, sometimes tiled, arrangement of rounded segments, directed almost vertically upwards. The homeland of this species are subtropical forests of both hemispheres. In the culture of nephrolepis, heart-like began to grow in 1841 The leaves are very often used for making bouquets.
Nephrolepis xiphoid. Homeland of this species is Central America. The main difference between xiphoid nephrolepis is the presence of long leaves, which sometimes reach 2.5 m in greenhouse conditions. It is for this reason that the xiphoid fern is grown only in very large rooms.
And now let's take a look at home care.
Nephrolepis: home care
If you are going to grow nephrolepis at home, then first you need to familiarize yourself with some cultivation care rules.
- Lighting. It will be quite comfortable to feel in diffused light, so it should be placed close to windows where no direct sunlight can reach it so as not to burn the leaves of the plant. If you are used to growing indoor plants on window sills, the home fern is recommended to be placed on the northern windows, but also the east or west sides will do. It is worth paying attention to the fact that the length of daylight in the natural habitat of the plant is from 14 to 16 hours, so if you want to see nephrolepis at home in its best form, you must be ready to organize additional lighting. The room fern is patient with fluorescent lamps, so this plant can often be found in the halls of hotels or hotels.
- Temperature. If we talk about temperature conditions, then the air heated to 20-24 degrees will be the most optimal for a room fern in the warm season. Если при этом часто организовывать опрыскивание листьев, то растение может выдерживать и более высокие температуры воздуха. Зимой растение рекомендуется содержать в помещении с температурой воздуха около 15 градусов.However, during this period, nephrolepis is recommended to be kept away from heating devices. If you do not have the opportunity to place ferns in a cool room during the rest period, you can leave it in its usual place, continuing the organization of spraying and watering. Thus, indoor fern will develop, however, not as rapidly as in summer.
- Top dressing. Like most houseplants, nephrolepis needs regular feeding. Top dressing is carried out with the help of complex fertilizers for decorative leafy plants in a concentration that is equal to 1/4 of that indicated on the package. It is necessary to feed plants 3-4 times a month. Top dressing should be carried out in the period from March to September. At the same time it is necessary to observe the conditions of cool wintering. If your fern stays warm in the winter, you need to feed it no more than once a month.
How to water?
If we talk about the number of watering nephrolepis, it will depend on the air temperature in the room in which the plant is located. The greater the temperature, the more frequently and more abundantly the watering of the plant should be. In this case, between watering the top layer of the soil should be a little dry. If in winter the fern rests at low air temperatures, it does not need frequent watering and plenty of water. Watering in this case should be carried out as the topsoil in the pot dries.
In order to organize for the fern in the hot season of the regime of high humidity, the plant should be sprayed with settled water at room temperature as often as possible, and once a month it is recommended to arrange a nephrolepis shower. Room fern can also be kept on a pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay in such a way that the bottom of the pot does not come into contact with water. Watering the plant should also be defended or filtered with cold water.
Transplant at home
Young plants must be replanted every spring, and adult ferns are transplanted once every 2-3 years. Nephrolepis is recommended to grow in plastic pots, and not in ceramic pots, since plastic can retain moisture in the soil for much longer.
As mentioned earlier, the root system of a home fern is superficial, so for plants it is necessary to select shallow and wide pots. Before transplanting to the bottom of the new pot, it is imperative to lay a drainage layer of small pebbles or expanded clay. This will allow excess moisture not to stagnate in the root system of the plant. After that, a layer of substrate is placed in the pot. Soil for home fern should be pretty light. Ideal would be a substrate consisting of the following types of land:
- Greenhouse land
- Coniferous land,
- High peat.
All types of land are taken in equal parts.
It is also recommended to add bone meal to the substrate in the proportion of 5 g per 1 kg of soil.
If you do not want to mess with the mixing of the soil, then you can buy ready-made soil in a specialty store. For nephrolepis, a special acidic substrate for ferns is sold, although a primer for camellia, callas or hydrangeas is suitable for plants.
During transplantation, the root neck must remain above the soil surface. At the first time after transplantation, nephrolepis constantly needs moist soil and high humidity.
Possible diseases and pests
If the plant is not provided at home with sufficient care, it may be affected by the following pests:
In the fight against these pests will help processing room fern special insecticides.
If we talk about possible diseases, then most often the leaves dry in nephrolepis. The reason for this is often insufficient or rare watering. If only the tips of the leaves dry up, this indicates that the room has a very low level of air humidity. If the leaves began to turn brown and curl, and then fall off, this indicates the presence of drafts, low temperature or watering with cold, chlorinated or hard water. If dry spots appeared on the leaves, then the reason for this is most likely burns from direct sunlight.
Omens and superstitions
The fern nephrolepis is a very popular plant, so many legends walk around it. Some superstitions say about the positive effects of plants on human health, while others are based on the magical properties of plants that can affect the fate of man.
One legend says that no one from humanity could ever see how a fern blooms, because on the night of Ivan Kupala, when the plant blooms, an invisible hand cuts its flowers. And if someone is sent to the forest in search of a flower, various mystical horrors await him.
Another legend tells that the indoor fern is able to scare away evil spirits, protects the house from evil witchcraft and black magic, does not allow to damage the evil eye and the owners of the house. According to other beliefs, the fern is able to bring success in business, and also has a positive effect on material well-being. He is also able to attract money to the house, save his masters from unwise actions and impulsive spending. Some even say that there have been cases of sudden enrichment, which are associated with the presence in the house of this plant.
If people of different temperaments live in your house, then a room fern can establish good and harmonious relations between these people. Thanks to the aura of the plant, you can mitigate the aggressive manifestations of a person's character, while he is having a hot temper, as well as smoothing the confrontation. Probably for this reason, nephrolepis is often called in the people the golden mean.
As for the negative influences of the room fern, almost no one spoke of them. For many, nephrolepis is a non-capricious spectacular plant that can bring beauty into the house, clean the air in the apartment, and create a cozy atmosphere.
Most popular varieties
In nature, the number of different types of fern is amazing. However, only a few of them are often used as a houseplant: Nephrolepis "Exalted", "Green Lady", "Corditas", and "Cardio".
Nephrolepis "Exalted" (basic care at home) is the most popular indoor fern. Its main feature is considered to be a high vertical rhizome, which has a single-leaf rosette on top. This type of papoprotector affects the level of humidity in the room where it is located.
Nephrolepis "Corditas" (care at home is the same as for other plants) refers to the so-called curly ferns, in which the leaves twist a little, in addition, they are directed exclusively upwards and do not wilt.
Nephrolepis "Green Lady" is a rather beautiful plant with large feathery leaves, collected in a common outlet.
Basic rules of care
Nephrolepis, home care for which even a novice can do, requires a large area for itself. This also applies to airspace, and space for the root system. For the rest, regardless of the type chosen, whether it is Nefrolepis "Green Lady" (care at home does not take much time) or "Exalted", the plant is very unpretentious.
Since this type of fern is a tropical plant, it feels very good at moderate temperatures. In nature, it grows exclusively near water bodies, due to the fact that it’s very humid and there is no access to direct sunlight. The ideal temperature will be 20 degrees, in these conditions you can observe the active growth of the fern. The maximum allowable level is 28 degrees, the minimum is 14 degrees. However, at these temperatures, the plant requires more careful maintenance.
Nephrolepis is a plant that loves moisture. If you maintain a moderate temperature in the room, even the dry air will be carried by the fern without any problems, provided that watering and spraying are timely. If the temperature is elevated, you need to sprinkle daily. Suitable for this soft water. In order to help the fern to transfer the heat, it can be removed to the place where the deep shadow prevails. In this case, the pot should be put on a pallet, pre-covered with moss, or expanded clay, in which, further, you need to periodically add water.
If, on the contrary, the air temperature is lowered, then it is necessary to ensure that the plant does not overcool, and the development of a fungal or other disease does not begin.
If we take into account the natural conditions of growth of a fern, then we can safely say that he needs light in the form of scattered rays. Feels very good in partial shade and even in full shade, as it is most often found in the forest, where the sun practically does not flow.
When grown at home, windows from the north side of the apartment will work well. It is also possible location in the depths of the room and even in the bathroom, provided there is at least a small window there. If there is too much light on the plant, new shoots will grow shorter, the middle of the rosette will decrease in size, and the leaves themselves will twist.
Watering a fern, regardless of its type, should be regular and abundant. It is impossible to overdry earthen coma. If the plant fades, it will not be possible to restore the former beauty.
Watering should be increased during the period of active growth and slightly reduced when the period of rest and development stops, but it is impossible to completely stop watering. But it is also not recommended to overmoisten the soil. Stagnation of water in the pan should not be allowed, it is necessary to clean when watering.
Water for irrigation should be taken soft, free from lime.
Twice a day, the plant must be sprayed, at elevated temperatures to bring their number to five.
Soil selection and transplant rules
Nephrolepis transplanted, care at home for which a simple spring. Do it only once a year. During this process, it is recommended to carefully inspect the roots and, if they have significantly increased in size, pick a larger pot for them. However, even if replacement of the pots is not required, it is necessary to replace the soil com. Do not forget about the drainage.
A monosubstrate suitable for transplantation, which consists of turf or leafy soil. However, for a better and more complete development of the plant, it is better to use a soil mixture as a soil, which consists of:
Also, the fern will feel good in a pot with peat, leaf ground and river sand.
The plant needs feeding in the period of active growth, that is, in spring and autumn. This should be done every week, using mineral and organic fertilizers. In winter, the amount of fertilizing can be reduced to once every three weeks, but the order of application of organic and mineral fertilizers is fully preserved.
There is a certain rule: you can feed only adult plants. Fertilizing under the separated shoots is better when they have developed root system.
There are several ways to reproduce nephrolepis:
- shoots (next to the pot, you need to prepare another one with the ground, where you can put down and sprinkle the tops of the young shoots, which can be removed after 3-4 wayas unfold),
- division (big bush is divided during the next spring transplant),
- division of the rhizome (carried out when the sides appear new leaves).
The main pest that can destroy a plant is a shield. At the first signs of its appearance on the fern, a special chemical treatment is carried out.
But during the sporulation, the presence of brown spots and stripes is not a disease.
Pale leaves, dark spots may indicate a large amount of light. In this case, the plant must be rearranged in the shade and spray abundantly.
On the excess moisture in the ground says rot on the leaves. To get rid of it, the soil must be dried and then watered in the required mode and quantity.
Nephrolepis is a herbaceous plant that is an epiphyte or grows on the ground. It has an underdeveloped stem, giving short shoots.
Lush green fern decorate any interior
Homelands of this magnificent splendor are regions with a tropical climate. In the wild, it can be found in Africa, Asia, America, Australia, even in Japan and New Zealand. Under natural conditions, the fern grows very quickly.
Its long, feathery leaves, called wyai, are assembled into a rosette. Vayi can reach 70–80 cm in length.
Contrary to the legends about fern flowers, the plant is non-flowering, propagated by spores, dividing the bush or layering. Disputes are collected in groups, forming the so-called sporangia. They look like miniature, at first green convex points, as they mature, brownish fluffy lumps. Located on the underside of the leaves.
In the sporangia fern matures a lot of controversy. which will later give rise to new plant colonies
At home, bred several types of nephrolepis. Among them there are unpretentious, not delivering much of a hassle, there are also capricious pickups that you have to tinker with. Which option is preferable - each owner chooses himself, but in any case, efforts will be rewarded. A healthy plant unusually animates the interior with a cap of lush leaves.
Green fern mass not only produces oxygen, but also has antimicrobial activity. Nephrolepis absorbs formaldehydes, xylene, toluene generously released from household items from the air.
There are several varieties of nephrolepis that growers grow as indoor plants:
- Nephrolepis sublime,
- Nephrolepis Boston
- nephrolepis cardiac,
- nephrolepis xiphoid,
- Nephrolepis Green Lady,
- Nephrolepis Emin,
- Blehnum, which belongs to the family Derbyankov.
Nephrolepis Boston (Nefrolepis exaltata var Bostoniensis)
Variety, derived, as the name implies, in Boston from nephrolepis sublime. From the progenitor it is distinguished by wavy, twisted leaves. Fronds of this species can reach 1.2 m in length. He gave a start to the cultivation of varieties with leaves of complex shape, consisting of two, three and four leaflets fused together. This variety is most resistant to dry air.
Boston Nephrolepis different original wavy leaves
Nephrolepis xiphoid (Nefrolepis bisserata)
The leaves on the rides of this species are shaped like pointed swords. On the green leaves from the bottom side spores are attached. Tubers this plant does not form. A distinctive feature of the xiphoid nephrolepis is lush, reaching 1.5-2 m, crown. Fronds of this size make this variety uncomfortable for breeding a normal apartment at home. You can meet this giant in greenhouses, winter gardens.
Pointed xiphoid form of leaves vividly distinguishes this variety among other ferns.
Nefrolepis Green Lady (Nefrolepis Green Lady)
A variety of fern, distinguished by a spherical "fountain" of green pointed leaves. Vayi densely covered with openwork lobes, growing close to each other. The plant is demanding of air humidity.
Green Lady's sturdy, fluffy fringes are big fans of humid air
Nephrolepis Emina (Nefrolepis Emina)
A small, compact plant whose fronds are resilient, standing almost vertically. Its second name is Dragon Tail (dragon tail) or Green Dragon (green dragon). The unusual "curly" leaves give it a special attraction. This species grows to 50 cm
Nephrolepis Emin strikes with elastic fronds covered with curly leaves
Blechnum (Blechnum) is another representative of ferns, popular with gardeners, but of a different family, Derbyankovy. Under natural conditions, his fronds reach lengths of up to 1.5 m. He deserved recognition from those who love indoor plants, thanks to his wyams covered with green palm-like leaves. With age, the rhizome grows above the ground and changes, becoming like a trunk. The plant as a whole resembles a palm tree. This type of fern is capricious and picky about growing and grooming conditions, but for the sake of such beauty it is worth trying. At home, with proper care, fronds can reach lengths of up to 1 m.
Lignified modified rhizome and fronds with long leaves make the bleak face look like a palm tree
Fern Nephrolepis in the exposition of florarium
Florarium is an originally composed composition of flowers with the addition of various decorative elements, placed in a transparent vessel of glass or plastic.
A number of varieties of nephrolepis due to its compact size is used in the preparation of compositions for florariums. Breed of Boston nephrolepis, the Bostoniensis Compacta variety is very small (up to 40 cm). Такая особенность позволяет использовать его для выращивания во флорариумах. Этот вид довольно неприхотлив, в условиях флорариума при соблюдении высокого уровня влажности и температурного режима порадует хозяина сочной зеленью. Для составления композиций флорариумов можно обратить внимание и на такие сорта, как Dallas Jevel, Teddy Junior. Они обладают небольшими размерами, органично вписываясь во флорариумные ансамбли.
Planting (transplanting) nephrolepis
Transplant is made in the spring. This procedure is recommended annually to young ferns with actively developing roots; after three years, transshipment is performed every 2-3 years.
It is not recommended to place nephrolepis in a large pot at once, because in this case plants cannot fill enough volume for normal functioning, moisture stagnates at the bottom, which leads to rotting of the roots. The signal to increase the volume of the pot will be literally “crawling” the roots of the plant on the soil surface. This suggests that nephrolepis closely, it's time to start the transplant.
The “dwelling” for nephrolepis needs to be picked up among plastic, better preserving moisture pots. In them, the roots will not undergo drying. The form must take into account the peculiarities of the fern root system, which grows to the side, and not deepened. Based on this approach is not very high, wide packaging. The size should take into account the volume of green mass of the plant, so that the pot does not simply turn over.
Fern loves light, fertile soil with an acidity pH of 5-6.5. Soil for planting can be bought in a specialty store, special formulations for ferns are available for sale. If desired, it is not difficult to make a mixture yourself. Deciduous soil + sand + peat (4: 1: 1) will be required. There you also need to add crushed charcoal and bone meal in the amount of 1 g per kilogram of soil mixture.
- First the pot is prepared - it needs to be washed, doused with boiling water, wiped dry. At the bottom, be sure to make holes for drainage of excess water when watering.
The presence of holes in the bottom of the pot is necessary - this will prevent stagnant water in the roots
Expanded clay or pebbles are suitable for drainage;
When transplanting nephrolepis, it is important to follow the necessary recommendations at each stage.
Nuances of care
Care for this green miracle is not difficult. It must be remembered that the plant is a native of the tropics. Hence, heightened sensitivity to dry air and irrigation.
Nephrolepis is a lover of light, it should be placed in places with sufficient illumination, trying to avoid direct sunlight falling on the plant. Fit windows facing east or west. Nephrolepis feels pretty good in artificial light: it can often be found in various offices and institutions where the fern has enough light from lamps that work for a long time.
In the summer of green pet can be taken out into the open air, not forgetting to shade from the sun in order to avoid burns.
In winter, there is little light in the rooms, so additional lighting will be useful.
A native of the humid tropics, nephrolepis requires humidified air. Everyday spraying with soft (necessarily warm) water will help, and in summer it should be done in double volume.
You can put the plant on a moistened pallet, filled to the top with some kind of filler (expanded clay, moss). Only it is important not to "drown" the bottom of the pot: it should stand as on a stand. These requirements must be observed regardless of the season.
Gratefully will respond nephrolepis on shower procedures. Warm water will not only support leaf moisture, but also wash away the accumulated dust.
Moist air is suitable for growing mimosa shy. Read more about this exotic plant: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/esxinantus-kak-ugodit-roskoshnomu-no-prixotlivomu-krasavcu.html
Feed nephrolepis need depending on the season. In the summer - 1 time every 7 days. For top dressing, you can take fertilizers recommended for ornamental plants, spreading it in half or 3/4 with water.
In winter, fertilizers are used at a minimum, and it is better not to feed at all, since the introduction of an excessive amount of top dressing during this period can lead to plant disease.
Some health care errors can have an adverse effect on plant health.
This method is difficult because of the likely fruitlessness of a dispute between domestic crops or the presence of inferior hereditary information about the parent. If there is an insistent desire, you need to perform the following steps:
- Gently peel off the ripened seeds with a knife, folding them onto paper.
- Put the spores on the prepared soil. Be sure to have drainage. For the greenhouse you need to use a plastic container with a lid.
- Lay out the seeds on the moistened substrate and close the lid, leaving it in a warm shaded place.
- Periodically, the incubator should be aired and the soil moistened. With good luck, the germination of seeds will take about three months. When the sprouts grow and get stronger, they can not cover.
- The shoots that have formed the outlet can be planted.
Spores of homemade Nephrolepis cultures can be fruitless, therefore this method of reproduction is difficult and rarely used.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
This is the most simple and common option:
- With the spring transplant, the rhizome is divided into several parts. It is necessary that each new bush has a growing point.
- Small bushes are seated separately.
The reproduction of nephrolepis by dividing the bush during transplantation is the simplest and most common variant.
Hanging like a mustache, idle, will help get a new fern:
- Leafy shoots need to take aside, press to the substrate and put in a separate bowl.
- They need prikopat so that the middle was covered with soil about 1 cm.
- We must not forget about the constant hydration.
- After two weeks, the roots will appear, and then small shoots. When young shoots get stronger, they can be separated from the mother plant and planted separately.
For this method of reproduction, leafless shoots of nephrolepis are put aside and pressed to the ground in separate dishes until rooting.
Some species form water-saving tubers on the roots. They can be clearly seen when handling plants. This breeding method is incredibly simple:
- Tuber is separated from the roots.
- Then it must be placed in the finished substrate.
- Moisturize the soil as usual.
On the roots of many species of nephrolepis tubers are formed, which are great for growing plants
This is one of the most unpretentious ferns, a very spectacular plant. Gently love this unpretentious indoor fern. In September, she planted a huge taz-like pot, and everyone was gifted with a fern. But he began to grow well with me not immediately. At first I managed to get a plant in three half-hairs, around which I didn’t dance with a tambourine, I really wanted a big beautiful fern. But he didn’t touch his dances with me, and he was standing in one pore, wondering, apparently, whether it was worth living. And now, digging up the Internet in search of an answer, what does he need, I stumbled upon a recipe that I want to share. For transplanting it is necessary to dilute the ground very generously with pine bark. Also add pieces of coal, pine litter, you can add sphagnum. Sand still does not hurt to mix, if the land is purchased, and then there, as a rule, one peat. And the pot is better to take a flat, not high. Transplanted in this way, my little scam somehow recovered very quickly and went into growth, and now there are no problems with it. But he does not like drying out, and it is better to monitor the humidity of the earth. After all, it is high, and the fact that it has dried up is not immediately noticeable. Vayi do not fade, but just somehow turn pale and begin to dry on the tips of the leaves. But the saddest thing is that “snails” dry up without having time to turn around. Beautiful home plant, unpretentious and thankful for the care, I recommend!
I have the same. It is necessary to rearrange the window, and then the leaves are long and rare. But when fluff - oh and handsome! All guests stare.
I have ferns for a long time, about 15 years old. I always wonder when you complain about the lack of light for them. In my experience, they are beautiful and green only in winter. As spring comes - the sun, they begin to turn pale. If I carry them out to the yard and to a completely shady side, where the sun never hits them, the same thing. Become pale. Here are mine on the veranda in the winter, now I took them off and hid them in the northern rooms.
I love this plant for luxurious thick greens, for an interesting observation, how from the "snails" a beautiful carved frond appears, and so on to infinity! My small children now and then approached, waited, and when the little green hairy balls appeared on the surface of the earth, which change in size with each passing day. The plant survives reasonably well. But if you want it to be juicy green, he needs to create favorable conditions. The main thing is not to pour in, often to spray with settled water, not to fertilize with fertilizers, it is enough to fertilize twice with liquid fertilizer for ornamental flowering plants. In very bright light, the fronds of nephrolepis turn pale, so you should not put it on the south window. But in the shadows, it also pales. The most successful window will be east. In the New Year we decorate it with rain, it looks very original. Very nice fern with magnificent forms.
I adore ferns, in my summer cottage I have several of them. Maybe that's why I love nephrolepis, because it is also a representative of ferns. Awesomely beautiful at home. Grow it is not difficult, it grows very quickly, unpretentious. Prefers moist soil, likes spraying, grows well in partial shade, feeding is needed from time to time.
Anna Zakharchukhttp: //flap.rf/Animals_and_plants/Nephrolepis/Reviews/6437440
Video: care for nephrolepis at home
Nephrolepis is a very beautiful and unpretentious fern. With proper care, this tropical guest will delight the host with lush, fresh foliage. This sprawling plant adapts well in city apartments, being a bright decoration of the interior.
Location and air temperature
Nephrolepis is quite a hardy and unpretentious plant. However, in the care of this variety of room fern, there are several nuances. For example, if you systematically ignore some actions in the care of a plant, it will serve his death.
Since the fern is a light-loving enough plant, the place for its cultivation should be well lit (it is desirable that the lighting was natural). In the shadows Nephrolepis will not grow and develop. However, note that direct sunlight can be detrimental to the plant.
The most comfortable temperature for the development of foliage is + 22-24 ° С. However, this plant can feel good in cooler conditions - at an air temperature of +16 ° C.
As a location for indoor ferns, it is best to choose a wall between the windows. Also note that Nephrolepis will be beautifully combined with bright-flowering houseplants.
In the summer, the room fern is best taken out to fresh air. At the same time, it should be protected from direct sunlight. If this is not possible, you can keep it on the balcony or loggia.
Nephrolepis, like most members of the family Ferns, loves moisture and does not tolerate overdried soil. Therefore, it should be watered immediately, after the topsoil is slightly dried. However, as with most plants, you should not overdo it with the amount of moisture. Permanent excess moisture will lead to rotting of the roots and further death of the plant.
Water for irrigation should be separated. This is a must. The ideal option is snow melting or rainwater.
One of the important criteria for the full development of room fern is sufficient humidity. In a room with over-dried air, the plant may wither. Its development and growth in such conditions are slowing.
In winter, the room fern should be kept as far as possible from heaters and other devices for heating. In addition, the plant should not be kept in a conditioned room. Regardless of the season, provide Nephrolepis with regular spraying.
Room fern requires regular feeding. This can be done with the help of complex mineral fertilizers, which should be applied every 2-3 weeks. In addition, liquid organic fertilizers, such as mullein tincture, are useful for the development of the monument.
When choosing mineral fertilizers, give preference to those options that contain a large amount of potassium, which is so necessary for plant development.
Room fern is not particularly fond of the transplant procedure. This plant does not require its regular holding. Only occasionally can Nephrolepis be transplanted into a larger pot or tub, which will serve to improve the development of the root system. In addition, plant transplantation may be required when an indoor fern is infected with a disease, damaged soil or an excess of moisture in the soil.
Pay attention when you transplant the plants to the next moment: the roots of Nephrolepis are rather tightly woven over the earthy lump. Therefore, to clean them without damaging the plant is very problematic.
Today there are many different earth mixes for indoor ferns. When choosing a suitable option, first of all pay attention to the acidity of the soil being purchased. The optimum acidity level for Nephrolepis is pH 5-6.6, i.e. the soil should be only slightly sour.
For transplanting plants, you can also make up ground mixes yourself. To do this, take the following components:
- One piece of peat.
- One piece of humus.
- One piece of leafy ground.
- Approximately 0.3 parts of bone meal.
Reproduction peculiarities of indoor fern
Reproduction Nephrolepis is carried out by spores and by dividing adult bushes. The first method is rather difficult, therefore even experienced flower growers rarely resort to it. The fact is that it includes many stages. At the same time the plant develops reluctantly.
The best breeding option indoor monument is the division of the bush. This procedure should be carried out when young basal rosettes appear on the plant. They should be carefully separated so as not to accidentally damage the mother plant and to keep as much soil as possible on the roots of the separated part of the fern.
After planting a divided plant, it should be ensured that it is properly cared for. It mainly consists in maintaining the proper level of soil moisture. If during the adaptation period of the plant, overdrying is allowed, it will not take root and will not develop.
Nephrolepis, like most varieties of ferns, is a very useful plant that should be found in every home. The fact is that it is an excellent natural filter that cleans the air from dust, various pollutants and even pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, it is highly desirable that the fern is in each room, especially in the nursery and the bedroom.
In addition, thanks to the beautiful appearance of a room fern, you can use it in floristics to compose various flower arrangements. The presented plant quickly and easily fills the lost foliage. Therefore, having borrowed 2-3 leaves from Nephrolepis, you will not harm it at all.