Not everyone can boast a territory where favorable conditions are created for all plant species. In one area there are many shady areas, while others are located so that they are lit all day. It is difficult to choose flowers for flower beds that could grow under the scorching rays of the sun. But such types of plants exist, they can be used in the design of the site, in the creation of flower beds, flower beds.
Opinion about the inconspicuousness of flowers, not afraid of drought, not tending heads under the hot rays of the sun, is wrong. Among these plants you can find many spectacular ornamental crops that will decorate flower beds and flower beds. It is only necessary to correctly select and arrange them.
Groundcover saberjack - how to care?
There are several types of this plant:
- Arends’s saberjack is chosen for its green density, decorated with white and pink flowers asterisks. The saxifrage is spread with an extraordinary carpet during May - June. The variety is easy to maintain, easily tolerates frost.
- For the first two months of summer, the stonefring paniculate blossoms with rosettes of 5 centimeters of yellow, red, white color. From the sockets down the panicles of inflorescences.
- The brilliant stonegrass will be recognized by creeping stems and large pink flowers, changing their shade to purple by July.
- The moss-like variety with its greenery resembles moss, the pads of which in June are covered with snow-white asterisks.
The name of the flower says that it feels great on stones, rough soils. In a flowerbed for plants need drainage of gravel, sand, slaked lime. The development of saxifrage is not without irrigation, but not too abundant. It is necessary to feed the culture once a season with mineral complexes. The saxifrage is indispensable in rockeries. It is used to decorate stone masonry. From the plant there will be an excellent border on a bed where phlox grow.
Symbol of vitality - periwinkle
Periwinkle attributed miraculous power, considering the flower is witch, then bringing good luck. Refers to the plant to creeping grassy plants with upright shoots. On the stems opposite are dark green leaves, in their axils - single flowers of blue, rarely white or purple color.
Periwinkle blooms in spring, long forming flower stalks during the entire growing season.
Periwinkle tolerates sunny areas. For full development, he needs only fertile soil. The plant is unpretentious in the care. It is watered regularly during dry periods.
Even flower weeds are not scary, it grows well in their surroundings. To periwinkle bushes were lush, pinch the old shoots. After flowering, they are pruned using cuttings for reproduction.
Echinacea: growing tips
Echinacea is a perennial cultivated in many countries. Decorative plants in flowers with chamomile-like petals of different colors from crimson to yellow, golden.
Depending on the variety and the middle of the flower, it can be in the form of a fluffy terry cap, a bronze cone, a mustard cone. A feature of echinacea is that the seeds sprout for a very long time. It will take 2-3 months to open up. For this they need watering and greenhouse conditions.
Echinacea does not require special care:
- The flower should be watered regularly.
- Feed up twice in a season with organic and mineral complexes.
- Mandatory weeding beds.
- For the winter, the shoots are cut, leaving a stump of 1-2 centimeters.
- The flower belongs to the light-loving, grows well on loose nutrient soils.
For plants in flower beds fit the second tier. It is perfectly combined with tall phlox, poppies. Echinacea planted on the background of barberry, burnet.
Beauty Malva: landing and care
One of the most adapted to any climate conditions is a mallow, or a stock rose. The flower tolerates drought easily, decorating the site all summer until late autumn with white, red, purple, yellow lush buds. The stem of the plant reaches a height of 2 meters, although there are also stunted species.
Flower Care Tips:
- For mallow need a loose, filled with nutrients soil.
- Planted plant at a distance of half a meter from each other.
- Malva is watered depending on the weather.
- High plant stems require a garter.
- Feed the flower when the soil is depleted, clay.
Before planting, mix garden soil with humus, adding a little sand. Then fertilizers are applied during the flowering period. Enough to feed one year. It is impossible to replant the mallow, as the plant may die. Also, the plant often suffers from rust disease.
If brown leaves appear on the leaves, the affected parts of the plant are removed, and the mallow is sprayed with Bordeaux mixture or a solution of colloidal sulfur. For the prevention of disease can not be too moist planting flower, and once a year should be treated with Fitosporin bushes.
Mallow is used in gardens decorated in a rustic style. It looks good next to phlox, delphinium, daisies, cosmee, echinacea.
Crocosmia ordinary or Japanese gladiolus
Another lover of solar plots is the Crocosmia, an onion family of the Iris family. In height, the branching stem of a flower reaches 40-100 centimeters. Sword-shaped leaves and powerful flower stalks make crocmia look like gladiolus. 5 flowers are collected in paniculate inflorescences, each reaching up to 5 centimeters in diameter. Star petals are colored orange, white and yellow.
Crocosmia are planted with seeds or bulbs in late April. The plant loves light, loose soil without stagnant moisture. Before planting, nitrogen fertilizers in the amount of 30 grams per square meter are applied to the ground.
Crocosmia will decorate the flowerbeds with irises, daylily, salvia, echinacea
Perennial blooms in the second or third year of life. From the rules of flower care it is important to water once a week, loosening the soil. The nutrition of the soil of crocosmia is not very demanding, so it grows well without supplements. If the soil is highly depleted, then a mullein infusion is shed every ten days in a ratio of 1: 6. Potash fertilizers will be needed for better bookmarking flower stalks. Like gladiolus, the bulbs are dug up in the fall, dried and stored until spring.
Allium - decorative bow in the design of the site
Allium perennial is widely used in floriculture. The stems of the plant grow in some species up to a meter, in others - 10 centimeters. The onion arrow ends with a gorgeous ball of small flowers. The colors of the decorative bow are all shades of blue, pink. And the aroma from the flowers comes truly onion, but not so sharp.
Allium loves sunny beds, without a hint of shadow. It is better to plant onions in the winter, on light fertile beds. The bulbs are placed in the wells at a distance of 30 centimeters from each other. Sprinkled on top of a rotted mullein mixed with the ground. Planting must be mulched with peat, a layer of which will help the bulbs to winter.
Special care Allium is not necessary:
- It endures drought firmly, but it is not worth drying the plant. It is watered only during hot periods of summer.
- From fertilizers, decorative onions are sensitive to potassium deficiency. Bring top dressing to the soil in the spring and in the fall.
Decorative onions there is a place in flower beds, flower beds, rockeries, alpine gardens. The plant is used in flower compositions that are prepared to decorate the premises in winter.
Yarrow ornamental in the garden
About yarrow know as a medicinal plant. But the varieties of culture will be an excellent decoration of the garden, located on a sunny plot. The flower belongs to rhizomatous plants with many erect stems reaching a height of 90 centimeters. Small baskets of inflorescences form bright brushes: yellow, white, red. Yarrow flowers are reed at the edges, tubular in the middle.
All numerous plant species prefer open and well-lit areas.
Known unpretentious yarrow to the composition of the soil. Suitable for the flower poor, well-drained soil. For planting crops need watering in dry weather. The plant keeps its decorative effect all summer, rapidly growing.
The downside is the aggressiveness of the yarrow in relation to its neighbors: it will quickly capture nearby territories. Harmonious planting flower next to shrubs that have foliage of silver or bronze color.
Growing and caring for irises
Spring flowers are represented by irises, which belong to drought-resistant plants:
- Prefers a flower open, sunny places, protected from the wind.
- Planted irises bulbs in the ground in the spring, when the soil warms up to 10 degrees above zero. In the autumn you can also plant, but a month before the frost. For flower need light soil. Therefore, in the clay soil before planting make sand, compost.
- When planting rhizome species of iris, they are not buried in the ground, and onion varieties require a depth of 10 centimeters inward from the ground.
- To care for irises need weeding, loosening the soil around. High rice tied to pegs. Dried leaves are removed from the plant. It is necessary to feed irises with mineral fertilizers three times with a break of 2 weeks.
The beauty of irises in a flower, consisting of six petals. Three of them are curved out, the rest are raised up. Breeders have created a lot of plant species, varied the color range of delicate petals.
In landscape design, no iris can not do. They are used to create a spring flower bed, combining flowers of different colors on it. Plants planted along the paths look good in rock gardens near conifers. Irises are combined with lilac bushes, next to a flowerbed - with a daylily, lupins, poppies.
Features of growing
There are a large number of herbs, flowers, shrubs, which can successfully grow with a minimum amount of moisture under the hot rays of the sun. These plants are called xerophytes. Their drought tolerance is due to genetic features and achieved by various means:
- some have a very short period of growth and development (vegetation). These are ephemera,
- there are species that accumulate and almost do not evaporate moisture - false xerophytes. Their root system is widely ramified, although shallowly located. Such plants in the dry season live at the expense of economically consumed accumulated water. They are not drought-resistant plants, although they are adapted for interruptions in watering. These include succulents, in particular, the well-known cacti,
- A well-branched and deep-seated root system allows water to be collected using a large amount of soil. Their roots can even reach the groundwater. The leaves of such plants are thin with a dense network of veins, sometimes they are covered with hairs, which additionally protects the leaves from overheating. These xerophytes are able to do without water for a long time, with no irreversible consequences. After watering, they quickly return to normal. A striking example of such a plant is the steppe alfalfa,
- There are xerophytes that can, in the absence of moisture, fall into a state of anabiosis - rest. Their leaves are hard, sometimes capable of curling up in a tube with a lack of water. As an example, you can call the feather grass, fescue and others.
Resistant to drought plants can tolerate the absence of moisture without a sharp slowdown in growth processes. These include the last two types. Not all of them differ in magnificent flowering, but there are a lot of ornamental and unusual plants. With a properly selected variety of herbs and flowers for a flower bed or flower bed, you can decorate any part.
Choosing a place for a flower bed
Drought-resistant plants will feel comfortable on scanty soils, however lack of moisture drain for them is detrimental. Areas for which there is no irrigation system or very quickly losing moisture are ideal for creating flower beds, mixborders or beding using drought-resistant plants.
Particular attention should be paid to areas located near the fence of stone or concrete, closely adjacent to the steps, paved paths, various buildings.
When choosing a place for a flower bed, the illumination of the plot is also taken into account, since some value sunny places, while others prefer to grow in the shade.
Creating conditions for growth
Having decided on the location of the flower bed, it is necessary to prepare the soil. First of all, it is very important to saturate the earth with organic matter. For this purpose, suitable compost own production. It not only enriches and nourishes the soil, but also retains moisture in it. For the same purpose, you can use the mulch made from peat, chopped bark and other available material. However, since drought-resistant plants grow in poor conditions in poor land, the amount of organic additives should be limited.
The next important step is ensuring reliable drainage. For this purpose, the necessary amount of gravel and sand is applied to the soil.
The selection of compositions of drought-tolerant plants must be approached very carefully, after having familiarized themselves with their features and cultivation conditions. Neighboring the best will be plants that have the same needs for irrigation and illumination. A well-chosen assortment of flowers and herbs will also make it easier for a gardener to care for a flower garden.
Overview of the most beautiful flowers
It is possible to create a beautiful flower garden in the arid area using bright plants that are unassuming in their care. Flowers will look especially impressive against green-blue ground cover crops and herbs.. Ideal for creating flower arrangements:
- Echinacea purpurea (Rudbeckia) - an annual or perennial plant with a height of 90−100 cm, the stems are straight, rough. Her inflorescences are baskets up to 15 cm in diameter, reed flowers are purple-pink, purple, burgundy and yellow. Prized for bright and long bloom. In addition, this plant exudes an amazing aroma. In addition, Echinacea has healing properties. This plant is widely used in medicine and cosmetology, and also it is very attractive to bees. Propagated by seeds. Care is reduced to timely watering and pruning of dried twigs and flowers. Watering is carried out after sunset as the soil dries.
- The eryngium is a perennial unique herbaceous thorny plant with healing properties. Height is from 40 to 150 cm. Its small flowers of violet, light green or intensely blue shade are collected in the capitate inflorescences with large, hard, prickly leaves of a wrapper. Perfectly fit in the cut for dry bouquets. In landscape design, it is used due to the decorative nature of the snow grass throughout the growing season.
- Mallow or stock-rose is a perennial, grown mainly as a biennial. Its stems are very strong, branched from the base, reach 250 cm in height. Mallow flowers are both simple and terry. Large, up to 12 cm in diameter. The color scheme is very wide: white, pink, yellow and red flowers of all shades. Their long racemes contain up to 150 flowers. Mallow or stock-rose - light-loving plant. Although in the penumbra its cultivation is also possible, but there will be less flowers. Since it is tall, it is advisable to plant it along walls or fences that will support it, and the mallow flowers and its wide leaves, in turn, will decorate the dull look of a fence or a bare wall. Propagated by seeds. Caring for them is reduced to moderate watering and removal of dried flowers or pruning up to 30 cm. If it does not have a natural support, it needs a garter.
- The hellebore is a perennial of the buttercup family, it grows to a height of 21-55 cm with a thick rhizome and a simple weakly branched stem. The flowers of hellebore can be white, yellow, pink, inky, magenta, or purple. There are two-colored species. The shape of the flowers can be simple and terry. The early flowering of this plant after a long winter is pleasing to the eye and uplifting. When cultivating the hellebore on the garden plot, one should remember: like all the plants of the buttercup family, it is very poisonous! When choosing a landing site, note that the hellebore likes to grow in partial shade.
- Knifofiya berry is a perennial plant. Originally from knosofiya from Africa. Its height reaches 2 m. It has a spike-shaped inflorescence, consisting of tubular flowers, up to 25 cm long. Flowers can change color. The range of colors is from red to orange and yellow. The flowering season lasts from July to the most frost. Plant blooms for 65 days. He will enjoy the sunny side. He is very fond of using in landscape design both in solo performance and in combination with other similar representatives.
- Salvia (sage) has more than 700 species. It is a light-loving annual or perennial plant. It belongs to the family Luminous. Обладает лечебными свойствами. Для удобства сальвией принято называть декоративные растения, а шалфеем — лекарственные и пряные. Мелкие цветочки сальвии очень красивы, традиционно красного цвета. Соцветия, в которые они собраны, длиной до 20 см. Известны сорта с цветами белого, лилового и фиолетового оттенка. Высота может достигать 1,5 м, в зависимости от вида. Цветет растение с конца июня до самых заморозков.
After reviewing the characteristics of drought-resistant plants, examples of which are considered, it becomes clear that it is possible to create a blooming oasis in your own area even in the most unsuitable places for this.
To create flower compositions also widely used periwinkle, wormwood, immortelle, euphorbia, yarrow, lavender, crocosmia, irises, calendula and many other flowers. Most of them, in addition to unpretentiousness, possess a number of healing properties and fill the garden with magical aromas.
Grass and Ground Cover Plants
When creating a flower bed, it is impossible to do without the stonecrop, bryozoans, zhivuchki, molodilas, styloid phlox and other ground cover. They can become a beautiful background when creating a flower bed or hide a seemingly ruin place where nothing grows. The range of these plants is huge. Only the most popular and decorative species are listed.
You can not ignore the drought-resistant grass. Among them are the most popular:
- Blue-eyed fescue - looks like a sea urchin with blue needles. Prefers fescue sunny areas. Beautifully combined in floral arrangements with tall plants,
- dukhistochnik is a rapidly spreading ornamental grass with white-green leaves,
- Elimus has pointed blue-gray-gray leaves. This decorative grass grows rapidly and aggressive towards its neighbors - prone to seizing territories. Therefore, when planting it in a flower garden limit the zone of root growth with the help of a tank without a bottom.
The choice of drought-resistant plants is huge. Knowing the features of their growth in natural habitats and applying the experience of nature, you can create magnificent landscape solutions on your own plot. And it will look natural, and for the budget - economically.
Antennaria dioecious or cat's paw
Antennaria dioecious (Antennaria dioica) is a semi-evergreen creeping gray-green perennial 5 cm high and 45 cm wide.
Antennaria is dioecious. Photo from pflanzenbestimmung.info
The flowers are small - from white to light pink, in pubescent shells, bloom in mid-summer.
- ‘Nyewoods’ - 20 cm wide, dark pink flowers,
- ‘Rosea’ - pink flowers.
Antennaria dioecious 'Nyewoods'. Photo from ru.pinterest.com. Antennaria dvudomnaya 'Rosea'. Photo from vestnik-cvetovoda.ru
Beautiful dense cat paws will look spectacular in rock arias and in drought-resistant mixborders. It is good to occasionally loosen the soil, and after rains - to mulch. Propagated by dividing in the spring or early summer.
In summer, rock arias in dry areas of the dacha are decorated with bright inflorescences of armeria on low peduncles.
Primorye Armeria,author photo
Primorye Armeria (Armeria maritime) - herbaceous perennial, up to 20 cm high, up to 30 cm wide, forms spectacular pillows. Spherical inflorescences collected from pink, white, red flowers, bloom in May and June.
- ‘Bloodstone’ - flowers are dark red,
- ‘Vindictive’ - 15 cm tall, pink flowers.
Primorsky Armeria 'Bloodstone'. Photo from ru.pinterest.com. Armeria seaside 'Vindictive'. Photo site timothypinder.homestead.com
In central Russia in cold, snowless winters can suffer. Propagated by seeds, cuttings.
In nature, its flowering is so spectacular that the desire to see this unusual beauty in her country house is understandable.
Asphodel yellow blooms,author photo Asphodeline yellow (Asphodeline lutea) is a graceful plant with a height of 70-80 cm with peculiar yellow candles, inflorescences, blooms in May and June. In central Russia, landing sites for the winter must be covered with humus and spruce branches.
Low-key background plant: its silvery coloring pleases throughout the growing season, and the tart flavor intensifies on a hot summer day.
Immortelle italianauthor photo
Italian immortelle (Helichrysum italicum) is an evergreen shrub up to 60 cm high, up to 1 m wide. It blooms in summer with small yellow baskets collected in shields.
Italian Immortelle - bloom, author photo
Winter-hardy, but in the first year of planting it is better to cover it with dry leaves, spruce branches. Propagated by cuttings in October-November.
What else to look on the site of the immortelle Italian:
- Italian in Crimea
St. John's wort cup, or cup-shaped
Luxurious during the flowering period, abundantly scattering the "gold" of its flowers.
Hypericum cup,author photo
Hypericum calycinum is an evergreen shrub up to 60 cm high. The only negative is insufficient frost resistance, so I cannot recommend it for central Russia, but the plant is so beautiful and drought resistant that I decided to include it in this article.
On our site, he finds more and more fans.
Iberis evergreen,author photo
Iberis evergreen (Iberis sempervirens, syn. I. commutata) - shrub with small leaves that remain in winter, up to 30 cm wide, 40 cm wide. Small white flowers, gathered in small dense apical brushes, bloom from April.
Decorative varieties are difficult to distinguish from each other, the visual difference lies in the compactness of the “bushes”:
Iberis evergreen 'Snowflake'. Photos of the site 123rf.com. Iberis evergreen 'Weisser Zwerg'. Photos from google.ru
In central Russia requires winter shelter.
Decorative varieties are difficult to distinguish from each other, the visual difference lies in the compactness of the “bushes”:
As without it on dry sites?
Red kentrantus,author photo
Centranthus or centrantus red (Centranthus ruber) is a beautiful herbaceous perennial 60-70 cm high, 1 m wide. The flowers are pink, red, white, bloom from May to September. In addition to the southern regions, you can try to grow it in sheltered cottages with dry shelter. Easily propagated by self seeding.
Wing keeper, large-flowered or beautiful, etienema
Beautiful winged pond (Aethionema grandiflorum, syn. A. pulchellum) - semi-evergreen shrub with a height and width of 20-30 cm
Large-flowered wing-keeper (with white flowers), author photo
The flowers are white, light pink, fragrant, collected in small inflorescences, bloom in April-May. After flowering pruned, preferred calcareous soil. In central Russia, grown as an annual. Propagated by seeds.
When you see the fascinating flowering of lavender in the highlands of Crimea, it becomes obvious: here it is - the ideal plant for dry areas.
The narrow-leaved lavender blooms,author photo
Parameters of narrow-leaved lavender (Lavandula angustifolia): height is up to 1 m, width is up to 1.2 m.
Lavender narrow-leaved 'Hidcote'. Photo from windyridgegardencentre.ie. Lavender narrow-leaved 'Jean Davis'. Photos from loghouseplants.com
- ‘Hidcote’ - up to 60 cm high, 75 cm wide, dark purple flowers,
- ‘Jean Davis’ - light lilac flowers,
Lavender narrow-leaved 'Loddon Pink'. Photo from potterandrest.co.uk. Lavender narrow-leaved 'Munstead'. Photos from highcountrygardens.com
- ‘Loddon Pink’ - compact, up to 45 cm tall, 60 cm wide, light pink flowers,
- ‘Munstead’ - 45 cm high, 60 cm wide, bluish-purple flowers,
Lavender narrow-leaved 'Nana Alba'. Photo from growsonyou.com. Lavender narrow-leaved 'Twickel Purple'. Photo site burncoose.co.uk
- ‘Nana Alba’ - 30 cm tall and wide, white flowers,
- 'Twickel Purple ’- 60 cm high, –1 m wide, bright purple flowers.
It is good to loosen the soil around more demanding varieties, and to mulch after rains.
Several species, forms and varieties are definitely worthy of the attention of owners of "dry" cottages.
Rejuvenated roofingauthor photo
It was young roofing (Sempervivum tectorum), m. Cobwebby (S. arachnoideum) and others. During the growing season they are interesting rosettes of leaves. In central Russia they need a winter shelter with spruce branches. Propagated by child rosettes.
In addition, in dry areas it is quite possible to introduce in the composition xerophytic flower beds and rockeries:
- Ziebold Chistez, h. Byzantine,
- drought-resistant cereals and others.
Have you encountered problems in arid areas? What plants from the above dozens grow in your country?
Drought resistance in a number of plants is genetically determined: nature has contributed to an increase in survival, which affected not only the cellular level, but also the appearance:
- the evaporating surface of the plant has decreased or the number of parts that store moisture has increased,
- a powerful and well-branched root system appeared, extending deep into the soil.
Not all of the drought-resistant flowers differ in lush flowering, but not all of them also resemble a camel thorn. Many plants, well tolerated by the sun and rare watering, differ in their pomp and decorativeness despite the fact that they are able to survive in drought. Their assortment is so wide that it is easy to pick up flowers for the flower bed that satisfy the gardener in all respects.
A flower bed looks impressive, combining various flowers planted in tiers: tall planted in the center of a round flower bed or in the background of a flower garden adjacent to the wall of a building. From tall plants in arid regions are popular:
- 1 Kariopteris (walnut) from early spring pleases with bright foliage, and in August and September, it dismisses the blue fragrant inflorescences, similar to panicles, because of which in English-speaking countries it is called bluebeard. Cultivated with blue and white flowers. The bushes of the plant are compact, do not fall apart on the sides, the height of the shoots is 0.5-1.5 m. With the onset of autumn, the foliage of the plant acquires a special decorative effect, changing the color from green to various shades of brown, green and yellow.
- 2 Crocosmia (montretia) - bulbous iris plant from South Africa. The smell of dried flowers resembles saffron. The height of the bushes, depending on the variety, is 0.6-1.5 m. Due to the abundance of varieties it has a prolonged flowering period from June to the end of September, the flowers can be various shades of yellow and red flowers.
- 3 Mallow (mallow) is considered an annual weed, but is cultivated as a decorative flower. There are 25 species of this plant, as many forms of flowers, colors and sizes. In height (depending on the variety), mallow grows from 30 to 120 cm.
This is the middle tier of the flower bed, it is closer to the edge and therefore must be lower. There will be drought-resistant plants blooming against the background of the “giants” of the previous tier:
- 1 Echinacea from the Astra family pleases the eye with an abundance of colors - burgundy, yellow, pink and purple petals surround the convex middle. Straight, rough stems reach a height of 1 m. This plant is a long (about 2 months) flowering, starting in mid-summer.
- 2 Gaillardia (gaillardia), an annual aster family of about half a meter in height with flowers from yellow to red-brown colors, looks spectacularly against the greenery of tall shrubs.
- 3 The bell (campanula) reaches half a meter in height. This herbaceous perennial plant blooms with purple, blue or white flowers.
- 4 Liatris is a bulbous bulbous plant, forming inflorescences with a total length of up to half a meter, blooming from top to bottom. It blooms from June to August.
- 5 Immortelle (Cmin) sandy - a perennial herb of the Aster family with a height of 60 cm. The flowers do not wither and do not lose color even after cutting.
The foreground of the flower bed on a sunny plot is composed of low representatives of drought-resistant flora:
- 1 Marigolds are often used in landscaping and delight with an abundance of varieties. Bushes are compact, the most stunted are no higher than 20 cm. Decorative is not only bright flowers with a strong smell, but also toothed leaves. Bloom from June to the frost.
- 2 Phlox refers to perennials with erect or creeping stems. Although the flowers do not differ in gigantic sizes, the flowering is so abundant that the size of an individual flower does not matter. The color is varied - from pure white to dark purple. The appearance of the bushes is diverse, even within the species.
- 3 Calendula (marigold) - a decorative herb of the Astrov family is also a medicinal one. If you timely remove bright yellow or orange fading flowers, new ones will appear and bloom until the end of the growing season.
What are ground covers?
Look good on an alpine hill, located in the open sun:
- 1 Thyme (thyme, Bogorodskaya grass) is an essential oil plant, a low-growing shrub with branches up to 35 cm long, woody stems lying or ascending. It blooms from June to August.
- 2 Seasoned (stone rose) belongs to the family of Crassulaceae. This is a perennial cover plant consisting of many-leaf rosettes with a diameter of up to 15 cm. Fleshy leaves are not only decorative, but also are reservoirs for water. Grown not so much because of the flowers, but because of the decorative greenery.
- 3 Sinum (Sedum) - another plant of the Crassulaceae family. Perennial, with fleshy leaves, stellate flowers bloom in summer or autumn.
- 4 Saxifra is able to grow even on rocks, it is an excellent indicator of its unpretentiousness. The undersized plant blooms in spring or early summer. In nature, there are about 370, and in the culture medium about 80 species are grown.
Only succulents can not be watered at all, all other flowers should still have periodic watering days and loosening.
A little care - and the flowerbed, made up of drought-resistant flowers, the whole season until late autumn will be pleased with abundant flowering.
Calendula or Marigold
A beautiful flower known to many is able to decorate any flower garden with its yellow or orange, bright buds. Blossom marigold from June to the most frost. In height, they can reach from forty to seventy centimeters. Strong, ribbed and erect calendula stem is shrouded in glandular hairs. Elongated ovate leaves grow from below the stem, and lanceolate, alternate, sessile leaves are located in the middle and above. At the beginning of summer, reed yellow or red-orange flowers collected in large baskets are formed on the plant.
In order for the marigolds to bloom in spring, they can be grown in a seedling manner and planted in flower beds that are located in well-lit areas. The soil for them should be nutritious and well drained.
There is a large number of varieties of these surprisingly unpretentious flowers that can grow in flower beds located in the most sunny place. Marigold flower baskets can be various shades of orange, brown and yellow flowers. They are formed on the stems, the height of which, depending on the variety reaches from twenty to one hundred thirty centimeters. Around the stems are light or dark green pinnately dissected or pinnaprosplitter leaves.
Marigolds are grown from seeds and decorated with flower beds in the garden from June to the most frost. They exude a spicy tang and are widely used in traditional medicine.
A perennial herb in our gardens is grown as an annual. The height of the bush can be from fifteen to seventy centimeters. Each bush has many stems, on which one flower is formed with a fringed or serrated outer edge. The color of the petals can be pink, white, burgundy, red, lavender, orange, purple, green and even two-tone. The leaves of the carnations have a styloid, linear-lanceolate or simply linear shape.
Carnations of different varieties look very nice on the sunbed. The motley and bright flower garden decorating a site from June to October turns out.
Rejuvenated or stone rose
Drought-resistant succulent differs fleshy, short, purple or green leaves and paniculate or corymbose inflorescences, which in July buds bloom. Stone rose flowers may be greenish, yellow, magenta, white or red. Blooms young in early or mid-summer. It all depends on the type of plant and weather conditions. Most often with the help of stone roses adorn alpine hills or stony hills located on arid sunny sites.
Large, delicate, white flowers with a yellow center can be decorated with a flower garden located in a sunny position. Garden chamomiles are perennial herbaceous plants, the height of which, depending on the species, ranges from fifteen to sixty centimeters. Daisies bloom in July and bloom until the fall. When planting them in a flower bed, one must keep in mindthat the plant is aggressive and can quickly grow and multiply by self-sowing throughout the site. Excessive spread will prevent compliance with agrotechnics.
High, bright and lush lupins during the season can bloom twice - at the beginning and at the end of summer. On plants from eighty to one hundred and fifty centimeters long inflorescences are formed, consisting of purple, lilac, cream, pink, red, white or yellow flowers. On the grassy or woody stem of the plant are located on long petioles palmate-complex leaves. On a flower bed lupins can be planted in groups or one by one, combining with other flowers.
In May, yellow doronicum flowers, like small suns, will bloom on a sunny site. Это растение имеет более сорока видов, в зависимости от которых высота растения достигает от тридцати до ста сантиметров. На стебле образуются светло-зеленые треугольные листочки. Снизу куста расположена густая розетка из листьев.
Дороникум отличается неприхотливостью и легко приспосабливается к различным условиям произрастания. That is why it can be grown on sites where the sun is all day long.
Annual with flowers in the shape of a bell flower blooms from June to August. Depending on the variety, mallow flowers can be simple or terry with a color from white to black. Large buds with a diameter of up to twelve centimeters are formed on the stem from thirty to one hundred twenty centimeters high.
In order to decorate the mallow garden in June, it is grown in a seedling way. You can plant the seeds immediately in open ground, but in this case, the plant will only bloom next year.
Over the years, perennials planted on a sunny plot will delight in their flowering, including chisel, geranium, Carpathian bell, oak sage, rue, catnip, yarrow, Echinacea purpurea, liatris.
For the design of the flower bed you can use herbss that will add volume and fill the emptiness of the flower bed. Many of the herbs have an interesting color and shape of leaves, so they can be used to decorate a separate section.
Unpretentious and drought-resistant ornamental herbs are:
- Chinese miscanthus is a cereal plant with lanceolate hard leaves and paniculate inflorescences. From the dark green leaves of the bush of miscanthus a bump forms, on which in August pink or reddish inflorescences. When withering flowers turn silvery white,
- Pennisetum gray - perennial with beautiful maroon-bronze foliage. The bush quickly grows and can reach a height of one hundred and thirty centimeters. From above bare, direct stalks in the middle of July the magnificent spike densely covered with hairs is formed. Depending on the variety, the inflorescences may have a greenish, burgundy, pink or white color,
- Feather grass - a perennial plant with a height of thirty to eighty centimeters different twisted into a tubular longitudinal narrow leaves. In May or June, flowers bloom on numerous inflorescences. In nature, the feather grass grows on rocky slopes and in the steppes, therefore it is suitable for sunny areas,
- Peristhistechnik - perennial cereal in height from twenty centimeters to one and a half meters in the middle of summer is decorated with fluffy buds. Their color may be pink-brown, greenish-yellow or silver. Spikelets retain their color until frost,
- The sediment of a kilomargin - a spectacular plant with a decorative, bright foliage of green-white color has compact dimensions. The leaves of sedge retain their decorative effect to a strong cold snap,
- The Lugovik is tortuous - a perennial from twenty to seventy centimeters high differs by its sprawling graceful panicles and pale purple, yellowish or green small shiny spikelets. The grass in the form of a hummock grows, which can preserve its decorative effect until spring,
- The meadow leaf - grass with thin straight stems blooms in June. She has a rough sheet plate, which takes on a golden color in the sun. Spikelets of the leaftail are fluffy, one-flowered, flat,
- Bluegrass fescue - a spherical compact plant will decorate any flower bed. The blue-light fescue got its name due to the gray-blue color of the leaves, which brighten in autumn, but retain their decorative effect.
In the landscape design of the garden are widely used ornamental shrubs. Among them, unpretentiousness and drought tolerance differ:
- Junipers - coniferous bushes of medium or dwarf size are excellent for sunny areas. They may have different color foliage and are not demanding on the composition of the soil. With their help, make out areas for recreation and park areas,
- Snowberry is a perennial plant with large white or pink fruits. The shrub can be cut, shaped and used to design a hedge,
- The decorative apple tree is a large shrub in spring covered with flowers, and in the fall it gives fruits. Nobody will be indifferent to the flowering crown of the plant,
- Caragana or yellow acacia - a bush or a small tree in the flowering period is covered with moth-like yellow flowers. In the middle of summer, the plant produces string beans, which contain pea-like seeds. Caragana is of low soil requirement and light-requiring. Standard forms are used to create hedges,
- Privet is a drought-resistant evergreen or deciduous shrub with a spreading crown. In June, white fragrant flowers bloom on it, which bloom continues for three months. In the fall, black or dark blue berry-like drupes are formed on the plant. Turquoise can be used to create hedges or borders,
- Dwarf Euonymus - shrub with unusually beautiful foliage, which in spring and summer has a dark green color, and in the autumn becomes red and yellow. Euonymus is easily trimmed and can be used to design retaining walls, rockeries, hedges and curb,
- Barberry - thorny shrub with leathery leaves and orange or yellow-golden fragrant small flowers. The fruits of barberry, depending on the type of plant, can have different shapes and colors,
- Lilac - a perennial plant growing in almost every garden in spring and early summer adorns areas with fragrant pink, white, purple or lilac flowers. Lilacs can be grown near water or used to create hedges. It is unpretentious and does not require special care.
Drought-resistant crops are unpretentious and able to grow on almost any soil. With their help, you can create beautiful flower beds and flower beds:
- A bright, colorful flowerbed can be created with the help of various varieties of carnations and marigolds,
- Beautiful and unusual look flower garden, in the middle of which there are lupins, and around them - doronicum or calendula. Carpathian bells can be planted on the edge of a contrasting color.
- Shrubs with bright decorative foliage will be an excellent background for many annuals or perennials,
- From the grass and chamomile grass you can arrange a flower garden that will look like a forest clearing,
- Succulent plants are suitable for decoration of rocky hills and rock gardens,
- With the help of perennials can be arranged located in open space borders,
- Gramineae bushes will decorate the empty spaces between ornamental shrubs.
To get a beautiful flower bed to your liking, you can experiment with flowers, herbs and shrubs you like. Just should remembersl, that drought-resistant plants, like other cultures, need care, which includes watering, feeding and weeding.
Sun-loving flowers for flower beds
In nature, there are lots of plants that we can land in a sunbed. And in the search for drought-resistant flowers for flower beds, we advise you to pay attention to perennial flowers, which do not need to be sown every year. Another advantage in favor of perennials is the fact that they are quite unpretentious and do not need special care.
- In April-May, you can land cornflowers They prefer sunny places and unpretentious to the soil. These perennials need to be planted at a distance of at least 30 cm, otherwise the plants will shade each other. Cornflower does not require special care after planting and is resistant to pests and diseases. In order for your sunbed to look neat, you need to remove the flowers that have faded.
Ornamental trees and bushes for a sunny site
Due to the continuous work of scientists and incessant breeding, more and more species of drought-resistant plants for the garden appear every year. Sometimes habitual and beloved by many plants acquire a new form and become less capricious.
- Spirea. There are several types of this shrub. If we consider their differences, the most obvious of them is the color of flowers. So, bushes that bloom in spring have white flowers, and representatives of summer varieties have pink and red. The height of the spirea reaches a little more than 2 meters. The clear advantage of this drought-resistant shrub is that it does not require any specific care, except for timely trimming of the shrub.
- Norway maple - Sun-loving plant with rather compact dimensions. The height of this tree reaches 5-6 meters. Pruning this unpretentious tree is at your discretion. Maple grows on all soils and creates a thick shadow.
- Syrian hibiscus - this shrub loves sunny and hot places so much that even a cool summer can break its flowering. At the same time the plant will pleasantly surprise you with a wide palette of colors and many varieties. The height of this drought-resistant plant reaches 1.5-2 meters.
- Decorative Apple Tree - this tree is more like a large shrub. His gorgeous flowering crown will not leave anyone indifferent in the spring, and in the fall the tree generously presents you with edible fruits. Apple trees grow from 2 to 9 meters in height.