Among lianas, primacy in popularity belongs to wax ivy. So he was called for beautiful, glossy, as if cast from wax flowers. The real name of ivy is hoya. Care at home does not require efforts and skills. And all the details of growing described in detail in this article.
Evergreen liana, named after the English gardener Thomas Hoy. Belongs to the Lastovnev family. In nature, there are about 200 species of plants. Many of them are grown in apartments. Liana is brought to us from India, Australia, South China. In nature, vines twine around tree trunks, twist stony slopes.
Curly, hanging varieties are known. On the stems of some vines are antennae. They hold on to their supports. The leaves are plain, speckled, speckled. The shape can be heart-shaped, rounded and twisted. On the stems are located opposite. The surface of the leaves is smooth, glossy, like polished wax. Flowers also seem wax. For this, hoya was called wax ivy.
As a houseplant, hoya is valued for flowering. Creepers in apartments usually do not bloom. Small flowers, gathered in umbrella inflorescences. The colors are varied - yellowish, pink, white. Small flowers resemble stars. In each inflorescence more than 20 flowers. With full coverage and care, adult hoyas bloom long and magnificently.
Interesting! Wax ivy is an unpretentious plant. So that he grew well and bloomed it systematically enough to water. Try not to disturb the flower unnecessarily - rarely transplanted, do not tolerate from place to place. An adult creeper, if supported, is able to braid the entire wall.
At least 200 hoya species have been discovered and studied. Only a few varieties are grown in apartments.
- Hoya is beautiful. Evergreen low shrub. Branches inclined or hanging down a length of not more than half a meter. The leaves are small, fleshy, slightly convex. Flowers - white stars with a crimson core.
- Hoya Carnose. The most common, popular liana. Shoots are long, lignescent. On the shoots are shiny leaves with a wax surface. The size of the leaves is up to 8 cm. The flowers are pale-pink, gathered in lush inflorescences of 20 pieces each. The decorative edging of flowers or the red core gives a decorative effect to some varieties. The more common name of the species is hoya fleshy.
- Hoya is majestic. The shoots pubescent, the leaves are oval-oblong with rounded at the base of the plate. The flowers are dark red. Inflorescences - umbrellas of 6 flowers.
- Hoya many-flowered. Unpretentious, often flowering vine. Buds appear almost constantly.
Interesting! It is believed that some flowers create a favorable atmosphere at home, others spoil the energy. Is it possible to keep hoya at home? All beliefs about her are contradictory. In terms of toxicity and harm to health, hoya is absolutely safe. Although some varieties during flowering emit a strong aroma - can cause allergies.
Liana unpretentious, does not require attention. But properly organized care hoya at home increases the decorativeness of the plant, increases the frequency and duration of flowering.
- Lighting. Favorable conditions - constant bright light. A moderate amount of direct sunlight tolerates calmly. In the summer of pritenyat, in the winter do without shading. They are not placed on the north side - the lack of light leads to the absence of flowering.
- Temperature. In the summer, it is maintained at around 20-24 ° C, in winter - 16 ° C. Elevated temperatures in winter adversely affect flowering. Some varieties (for example, hoyu fleshy) are recommended to be kept in winter at 12-14 ° C. The room is regularly ventilated, but does not allow the formation of cold drafts.
- Watering. Adhere to the mode of moderate irrigation. Topsoil should dry out. In the autumn, the amount of water is limited, once the soil is completely dry. Then watered gently, not allowing the substrate to be overwetted. Twice a year it is recommended to bathe hoyu - completely immerse it in a bath with water for half an hour. Water gain warm - at least 30-32 ° C.
- Humidity. The dry air of the apartments does not frighten the vine. In high humidity blooms better. In the summer the plant is sprayed, avoiding water on the flowers.
- The soil. Special requirements for the composition of the soil does not impose. In natural conditions it grows on stony soils. Use of any ready soil for the blossoming house plants is allowed. For permeability and loosening, the finished mixture is supplemented with coal, pebbles, coarse sand, and crushed sphagnum. An obligatory condition for growth is a thick drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.
- Transfer. Young, actively growing vines are transplanted annually. As they age, the frequency of transplants is reduced first to 2, then to 3 years.
- Feeding. Bring only in the period of active growth according to the standard scheme - 2 times a month. Use means for flowering plants.
Features flowering! In the spring with the increase of daylight and temperature begins the awakening of the kidneys. A plant with buds can not be rearranged, rotated - this will lead to the fall of the buds. Brush colors are recommended to tie, fix on the support - they hang down under its own weight. To get a thick lush bush plant form - pinch young branches after 4 leaves.
Reproduction hoy does not cause any problems. Seeds germinate quickly, cuttings root well.
- Growing from seed. When buying seeds see the date of their packaging. Only fresh seeds sprout well. Sow them into a mixture of earth and crushed sphagnum. Shoots appear during the week. Young seedlings are kept warm, maintain stable soil moisture. The first picking is in 3 months.
- Reproduction by cuttings. Cut the short cuttings with two nodes and several leaves. Rooted in water or substrate. The upper part of the container with water tightly wrapped with foil, make holes in it for cuttings. The lower leaves are removed from the cuttings, the slice is treated with heteroauxin. Cuttings installed in the water, immersing it in the lower node. For rooting create favorable conditions - high humidity, temperature not higher than 22 ° C. Roots appear in two weeks. The cuttings are planted immediately, not allowing the roots to grow too long.
Helpful advice! Mail sent cuttings often look overdried. To restore moisture, hold them in sweetened water for several hours.
In the wild, hoya flower grows in tropical Australia, the Malay Archipelago, southern China and parts of India. Its creepers can travel along stony slopes and tree trunks. This is an evergreen plant with climbing and creeping shoots. Its leaves are ovate, oval or heart-shaped and fleshy leathery axillary inflorescences. The flowers are shaped like an umbrella and have five rounded petals each, gathered in inflorescences.
In general, hoya, the secrets of care for which are described below, is quite an unusual and beautiful ornamental plant. It can feel great in warm and moderate, and in cool enough rooms. The main thing for her is the availability of reliable support.
Homeland Hoya majestic, or Hoya imperialis, is considered the Malacca Peninsula. This type of climbing bush has oval-shaped leaves, oblong, reaching a length of 20 cm, the plates themselves are smooth and leathery. The flowers inside are dark red, and outside - yellow-green, forming umbrellas. Their star petals have a rather pleasant smell.
Hoya is lovely, or Hoya bella, growing mainly in Burma. It has the appearance of a small shrub with creeping shoots, densely covered with ovate lanceolate leaves no more than 2.5 cm in length. They are dense, slightly convex, with pointed tips. The flowers are small white with a bright red crown and hang down with umbrellas. Blooms profusely throughout the summer. Such ivy is often used in warm rooms in the form of an ampelous plant.
Hoya multiflora in the wild can be found in abundance in the forests of Malaysia. It is a climbing plant with linear, oblong leaves. Its flowers with narrow yellow petals are collected, like those of other varieties, in umbrellas.
In the subtropics of Asia and Australia, in a wooded area and on the rocks, one can meet Hoya meaty (Hoya carnosa), or Hoya motoskey (Hoya motoskei). It is a creeper about 6 m long, having lowered creeping stems. The leaves are dark green, oblong or heart-shaped, shiny and fleshy. They reach up to 4 cm in width and up to 8 cm in length. The flowers are pale beige or white with a pink crown in the center, gathered in umbrellas and having a very pleasant aroma.
It is known that most ivy growing in the wild prefer a tropical climate, including hoya (flower). How to care for such a plant to create a comfortable environment? The answer to this question is quite simple: from March to October, watering should be moderately abundant. To do this, soft distilled water at room temperature will do. Since November, watering is somewhat reduced and it is produced two days after the topsoil becomes dry. If, however, watering is very rarely done, or to stop moistening the earth altogether, then at the hoya, the roots will die out and the vegetative period will begin.
Every spring and autumn, this home plant is subjected to the following procedure: you need to dip it in warm water, heated to 30-40 ⁰C, for about half an hour. The very same earthen clod with roots must stay in it for up to two hours. Such actions significantly accelerate the approach of flowering, as well as contribute to the rapid growth of such ivy as hoya (flower).
How to care for a plant during flowering
Ivy love the light, therefore, getting it in abundance, they will please their owners with beautiful buds. After the hoi buds are formed, it is better not to touch the plant, and especially not to try to transfer it to another place. The fact is that any actions at this time can lead to their partial or complete shedding.
Clusters of flowers should be securely propped up so that the branches of the plant are constantly upright. After completion of flowering long shoots must be cut, and short and flowering - leave. In no case do not need to cut the flower stalks, because after a while the buds will appear again on them.
Hoya flower: care, transplant
It is no secret that in larger pots the plants feel much better. Experts recommend replanting young copies of the hoi no less than once a year, and adults every three. The plant grows well in neutral or slightly acidic soil, where the pH does not exceed 6.5. Although this ivy is unpretentious, it also requires a special blend consisting of two parts of clay-sod and one measure of leafy land, peat and sand.
In turn, Hoya beautiful prefers a different mixture. It is made from equal parts of leafy land, peat, humus and sand with a small addition of charcoal. Almost all plants need good drainage. Hoya (flower) is no exception.
How to care for the plant during the breeding season
In order for the young plant to appear flowers in the year of transplantation, it is necessary to plant it with stem layers. To do this, make an incision on the shoot and cover it with moss, and then wrap it with plastic wrap and tie it up. Soon roots will appear on it, after which they cut off its top and bury it in the ground. In order to get a thick bush, three, four, or even five shoots are planted in one pot at once.
As you know, many home plants can be propagated by cuttings. These include hoya (flower). Even a beginner lover knows how to care for her during this period. The reproduction of this plant is produced during the entire growing season, and the cuttings can be of various lengths. However, it is preferable that they were one or two pairs of leaves.
The cutting is always cut below the nodes, as the roots can grow not only from them, but also between them. They are rooted either in water or in a substrate consisting of peat and sand in a ratio of 2 to 1. At this time, it is necessary to monitor the temperature of the soil so that it stays at 20 ° C. Usually, the cuttings are rooted after three weeks, after which they are planted in a mixture of one part of sod and two parts of leafy earth and sand with a small addition of humus in pots with a diameter of not more than 10 cm.
It is difficult to find a more unpretentious plant than the flower hoya. The problems of its growth and flowering still exist. For example, it happens that the leaves turn pale, curl and gradually dry out. The reason for this may be too low temperature or excessive light. Also, falling leaves provokes very dry and hot air.
Growth inhibition and blanching hoyi can be caused by a lack of nitrogen in the soil. To remedy this situation, it is enough to feed the plant with urea at the rate of 1 gram per 1 liter of water. In addition, the leaves may turn yellow and later fall due to lack of watering or, conversely, from its overabundance.
Hoya description, reality and myths
Hoya belongs to the shiny plants, consisting of climbing vines and subshrubs. The name hoya was named after the gardener Khoi, the first to master the care of exotic in Europe. Hoya - plant lianovidny, the length of the rapidly growing stem reaches 10 meters. Hoya wax ivy is the most common type of home breeding. It has fleshy shiny leaves, with aerial roots on the stems. At first, creepers are docile and soft, after they become woody and hardly change their shape.
When hoya blooms, it can not be rearranged or turned. The impregnable beauty will drop the buds and there will be no flowering this summer.
In addition to the beautiful leaves, hoya forms ivy flowers at home. Fragrant single stars are collected in baskets balls. Hoya blooms for a long time even at home. The fast-growing unpretentious vine has become a favorite decoration of official institutions. However, there is still no clear answer as to whether ivy hoiu can be kept at home.
Long since many plants attributed mystical properties. Superstition is associated with old friends, beautiful plants - the Chinese rose, cacti, and ampelous plants. Among them there is room ivy that can entwine other plants and deprive them of light. But in this case, the fault for the excessively overgrown vines lies on the florist. Potted flowers create comfort, absorb harmful substances, Many of the poisonous plants on the windowsill have healing properties.
Hoyu wax ivy is considered a misfortune. The most important of them, the flower drives out husbands and sons from the house according to one version. Family can suffer misfortune and financial well-being. Another says flower pacifies envy, a plant of marital happiness. Is it possible to keep a flower at home hoya wax ivy is learned by experience. The only obstacle may be an allergy to pollen from someone in the family.
If the flower is regularly sprayed and wiped with a damp cloth, Hoya will not be inhabited by pests. The leaves will look fresh. Dust on a glossy surface settles quickly, clogging the pores.
In fact, this beautiful ampelous culture is absolutely harmless. It does not inhibit the growth of other flowers. But if you give free rein and do not follow the plant, the vine will penetrate into any gap. Therefore, you need to send vines on special supports. The photo shows whether it is possible to keep wax ivy at home in a given format, and how to create guides for vines.
How to properly care hoya
In home gardening there are few plants that can tolerate a lack of lighting. Hoya in the shade does not lose the attractiveness of foliage, but it blooms only in the light. At home she is not afraid of airing. Home care for wax ivy includes requirements for:
In nature, hoya grows in the shade of trees and rests on powerful trunks and branches. Therefore, at home the most favorable place will be lighting from the east and west windows. In winter, preferably south window, there is enough light. In other places of the apartment will require additional lighting. If the plant does not receive sufficient coverage in the spring, it will refuse to bloom in the summer. And wax ivy is blooming with fragrant baskets, as in the photo.
In the summer the liana can live in the open air, ivy should be drenched from the direct rays of the sun. Otherwise, the leaves may turn yellow and lose decoration. In winter, rest will be comfortable at a temperature of 15-17 degrees.
Humidity requirements are not limited to watering. Watering in summer is moderate, and in winter it is scanty. But twice a year, hoya needs to be bathed with immersion. The bath is filled with warm water and the plant is completely transferred to the immersion tank. Через 40 минут лианы поднимают и осушают, а корни продолжают купать полтора часа. Без такого купания обильного цветения летом можно не дождаться. Кроме того листья летом периодически опрыскивают из пульверизатора.
С марта по сентябрь раз в три недели хойя нуждается в минеральных подкормках. Смесь можно рассчитать и составить самостоятельно, исходя из процентного соотношения:
For Hoya transplantation, the soil can be bought for flowering succulents, or it can be made up of two parts of fertile soil, and one crushed clay, perlite, and peat each. The plant is transplanted by transferring to a large container when the roots start to emerge from the drainage, the growth stops and the leaves are wilted. A hoi transplant using the transshipment method will help the root system recover quickly. If the pot is taken much more, then flowering will be delayed. When transplanting wax ivy is not buried.
Formation of the crown of ivy flower is necessary. The support can be made in the form of a heart, a ring or an arch. You can create a composition in the form of a bush, often pinching expanding shoots. This technique stimulates flowering. Grow a small bush and check for yourself whether the old signs are working and which ones.
Such problems appear mainly due to poor lighting. However, it is worth remembering that a similar situation may arise due to the transfer of the plant during its flowering to another place. Buds of flowers can pour in and with excessive or insufficient watering, as well as too dry air. By the way, do not forget, excessive moisture, combined with poor drainage can lead to the fact that the lower part of the stem, and then the roots begin to rot. In this case, the plant will not be able to save.
This plant most often suffers from insects such as aphids and spider mites, as well as mealybugs, whiteflies, and scale insects. The question arises, what to do if the pests still attacked the flower hoya? Care at home in this case should be more thorough.
Wingless aphids can grow up to 2.5 cm and have a pink, light green or yellowish color. It affects the whole plant, starting from the leaves and ending with buds. Hoya, affected by aphids, loses its bright color, the leaves turn yellow, curl and fall. Growth stops completely, already appeared buds do not open, and flowers become covered with nasty sticky secretions. This insect can cause the greatest harm in the spring, when the plant throws out tender young shoots.
If the flowers recently appeared aphid and the affected area is small, then caring for hoya at home should always include regular washing with a shower. Also, the most infected areas of the plant can be cut off, but this is done only if a small colony of insects has settled on it. In the most severe cases, special oil solutions are used, as well as insecticides, such as Karbofos, Fitoverma, Aktellik or Kinmiks.
Fight against spider mite
This pest is one of the most dangerous, it affects almost all domestic plants, including the flower hoya. How to care for him? How to quickly get rid of ticks? These questions interest many amateur florists. It is known that adult mites are small: the female grows up to half a millimeter and is colored bright red, while the male is almost two times smaller. The warmer the room, the higher the rate of their reproduction.
Spider mites live in colonies and infect all above-ground parts of the hoya: branches, leaves, and shoots. In this case, the whole plant is painted in a pale yellow color, and from the stems to the leaves stretch a lot of thin and barely noticeable cobwebs. When insects begin to suck the sap from the plant, pale dots appear on its leaves; if no emergency measures are taken, they quickly grow and take on the appearance of large whitish spots. Hoya begins to shed sick leaves, gradually weakens and stops growing.
Dry air in the room also contributes to the rapid reproduction of spider mites, so you need to monitor the level of humidity in the room. You also need to regularly clean fallen and damaged greens, remove dead flowers, gently wipe the leaves with a sponge or soft cloth soaked in warm soapy water.
Against harmful insects use special chemicals that are safe for people and animals. The most harmless are considered "Aktophit", "Vermitek" and "Fitoverm". You need to be prepared for the fact that you will have to use one of the drugs more than once, since it will not be possible to get rid of its one-time use of ticks. The number and processing intervals are directly dependent on the temperature in the room.
In order for any home plant to please the eye with its lush greenery and beautiful flowering, including quite unpretentious hoya, care is simply necessary day after day. Moreover, it does not take much time. It is enough to properly water the plant, replant it in time and periodically inspect it for the presence of harmful insects.
Cultivation and care
In order for a vine to develop well, it is important to correctly choose a place, it is advisable to make the soil substrate balanced in composition, and watering and fertilizing must be done in a timely manner.
Lighting and temperature
Hoya is better placed on the western or eastern windows, there is enough light and the probability of getting burns from direct sunlight is minimal. Liana will be able to bloom only in good light.
The optimum temperature level for development and flowering should be at +22 C. In winter, around +15 C, if this figure is higher, then flowering will not be so lush.
Importantthat the place was spacious, frequent changes of location and drafts liana does not like.
General recommendations for watering different varieties of hoi are very simple to follow.From March to October, they provide abundant watering as the upper layer dries by 1-2 cm. From November to February, the frequency of irrigation is reduced to 1 time per week.. Stagnation of water is eliminated, the soil can not be over-moistened. Water for irrigation is desirable to take a soft, room temperature, it must be defended for about a day.
Each spring, to accelerate growth, you can lower the pot with the liana into the water completely, the upper part is removed after 40 minutes, and the root part after 1.5 hours. The water temperature should be about + 400C. "Bathe" hoiu during the flowering period is impossible.
On hot days, it is necessary to spray the plant to provide it with comfortable humidity indicators.
However, there are differences in the required level of moisture depending on the species. So southern need constantly wet land. If there is an edge on the leaves (linear, thompson, serpentine), then it is better to provide shade and a constant level of moisture without drying out.
In spring and summer it is necessary to make balanced complex mineral fertilizers, it is better to buy ready-made formulations in the store.
Liquid formulations containing magnesium and phosphorus are very well suited for hoi during the flowering period, they are introduced 2-3 times a month.
The soil mixture should contain in equal proportions sod, deciduous soil and humus. Added more sand, compost and charcoal.
From ready-made store mixes suitable specialized soil for violets.
Appearance: white bloom covers all or part of the leaf plate, and it can be located on the inside and outside. With the development of the disease, the leaves become brown with black spots and dry out.
Control measures: an infected plant must be isolated, cut off all the affected leaves, clean the stems to a healthy tissue and process it with a fungicide. It also helps tincture of garlic, copper sulfate solution. You also need to monitor the humidity and temperature.
Externally: the leaves dry out and fall off. Insects are like brown seals located along the trunk.
The fabric or a cotton swab dipped in a saturated solution of soap will help to get rid of the flaps by mechanical means. You can also use medical alcohol. Karbofos can be used for general processing, but there must be good ventilation in the room.
On the leaf plates, especially from the inside, a whitish coating appears on the structure resembling croup. Over time, the leaves dry out, as the aphid sucks the juice from the plant.
There are a lot of measures to combat this insect. These include insecticides (Admiral, Aktara), biological substances (Akarin, Actofit) and folk remedies (pour 700 ml of water, 2 tablespoons of soap and 150 ml of vegetable oil into a spray bottle). One of the selected means is necessary to process the flower, if necessary, repeat the procedure.
On leaves appear spots of light brown and white hue. The stem can cover a patina that looks like a thin web. Hoya wilts and stops growing.
You can fight ticks with the help of folk remedies, treating a soap-alcohol solution every few days. You can apply chemicals - take 20 drops of actellic and dilute in 1 liter of water.
Reproduction and transplanting
At home, it is advisable to use two methods of reproduction: cuttings and layering. You can also grow a healthy sample from seeds, but finding good seeds is difficult.
With a well-developed hoi, it is necessary to cut several segments of the stem. Each should have at least 2-3 knots. The lower cut is treated with root-forming substance. Water and a soil substrate are suitable for forming roots.
You need to cover the container with water with foil, make several holes - by the number of cuttings and put in a slightly shaded warm place, humidity can be maintained by putting polyethylene on the appendix, air cannot be restricted.
The composition of the soil for rooting is made easy, but nutritious. Suitable mixture of sand and peat in a ratio of 1: 2. The soil should be constantly hydrated.
Approximately in three weeks the roots will appear and each cutting can be planted in a separate pot.
In order to get a separate process on one of the shoots an incision is made. This place is wrapped in moss, secured with string and polyethylene. When the roots appear, it is necessary to cut off the sprout and plant it in the soil, in order to get thicker shoots, it is advisable to plant 5 shoots at once.
Young plants in the first three years of their development should be replanted every year. Such a frequency of changing capacity and land contributes to better growth and development.
If the hoi is more than 4 years old, then it should be transplanted once every three years.
When transplanting, the pot should always be larger than the old one, so that the root system can continue to develop and not stop growing.
How to choose a plant in the store?
In the store, pay attention to:
- the density and color of the leaf plates - they must be intensely colored, dense without spots, marks and holes,
- how well developed is the plant,
- the purity of the stem and leaves from pests - a clean stem and leaf plate without bloom, cobwebs, growths are the key to the health of hoi.
After hoya appeared in the house it should not be immediately transplanted, it is advisable to allow it to acclimatize for two weeks, then transplant into a prepared soil substrate. When transplanting it is advisable to carefully inspect the root system for the absence of pests.
Types and varieties
For home breeding, several types of hoi are suitable, these include:
- Fleshy, wax - this variety requires support. Flowers have a white shade with a pink central part. Oval-shaped sheet plates, thick and tough.
- Beautiful - is a branched shrub with small leaves, located on the hanging shoots. Flowers look like small stars with a purple rim, in one umbrella collected up to 9 flowers.
- Multiflora (multiflora) - curly species, oblong leaves, inflorescences are yellow with narrow petals.
- Majestic - shrub, on the stem and flowers there is a small edge, the inflorescence inside is red, and outside it has a yellow-green tint.
- Kerry - sheet plate is similar in shape to the heart, the stems need support, which they tie up. Flowers can be from light yellow to lemon shades, they are collected in a spherical umbrella. An interesting feature of this species is that the color of the flowers depends on the intensity of the lighting; the more light, the more intense it is.
Signs and superstitions associated with the flower
Back in the 70s of the last century, many indoor plant lovers were fond of growing Hoya, and now this flower is undeservedly forgotten, most likely it is due to the multiple superstitions that “hover” around it. So from some sources you can find out that Hoya scares men. Others tell us that she is an energetic vampire, and no other plant can grow next to her, and also that in the house where Hoya grows, quarrels and scandals are frequent guests. So you can probably say about any indoor flower growing in a house where all is not well.
It is more pleasant to read other signs: it is known that the plant of Hoya will ensure your family happiness, for this you just need to put a flower in the bedroom, and peace and quiet will live in your house forever.
In fact, everyone decides for himself what flowers he likes, to grow them himself or just to admire, only his own taste and sympathies matter.
Hoya types and varieties of photos
Hoya Carnose - evergreen vine, reaching up to 10 m in nature. It is covered with long green leaves with silvery spots. It has inflorescences in the form of a hemisphere, consisting of 20 pink-cream flowers like double five-pointed stars. Exudes a strong honey smell. It needs light, loose soil and timely watering.
Hoya kerry - This plant has long stems and leaves that look like green hearts. Allows hemispheric inflorescences of 15 stellate flowers. The coloring is white, yellow, pink, and in the center is a red corolla. Growing this type, it is necessary to provide him a bright place and the temperature in the room + 25 ° C.
Hoya bella - Evergreen thin vine, from which grows many shoots. Leaflets rhombic elongated shape. The inflorescences consist of seven star-shaped flowers, combined in an umbrella. This plant does not like big pots. He is often put in small hanging pots. It needs light and watering three times a week. Water temperature should be several degrees above room temperature.
Hoya Matilda - consists of climbing stems one and a half millimeters thick. It grows with fleshy leaves with silvery inclusions. It has umbrella-shaped inflorescences of 15 double flowers of white color. Exudes a sharp smell, reminiscent of the scent of tulips. The plant can withstand a temperature drop of up to +10 ° C. It is necessary to water with warm water after drying the top soil.
Hoya lacunosa - a liana with fleshy leaves, on which silvery inclusions appear. It has umbellate inflorescences of 20 double flowers with five faces. The smell from the flowers is nice and sweet. The plant is grown in hanging pots with loose soil. He likes a lot of light, so it is recommended to put it next to the window.
Branched view with dense vegetation. The foliage is green, elongated, reddens in the sunlight. Blooms with umbrellas inflorescences of golden color. Small flowers in the form of five-pointed stars - from 30 to 50 pieces can grow in one umbrella. They have a faint smell of perfume. Loves frequent watering and humid air.
Hoya compact - consists of branched vines that are overgrown with dense foliage. All leaves have a curve, twisted form and variegated colors with a glossy shine. Flowers white and pink, combined into inflorescences in the form of a hemisphere. It grows in any soil and does not need regular watering. It blooms well in cramped pots.
Hoya tricolor - this variety has wicker lianas of a dark purple hue with dense vegetation. The leaves in the center can be painted in yellow or reddish color, and at the edges in green. Inflorescences after blooming buds resemble a hemisphere. Flowers lilac with a dark corolla. Inflorescences bloom and delight with beauty throughout the year.
Hoya Retuz plants for growing in hanging pots. Consists of many thin lashes, on which grow nodes of long and narrow leaves. Allows inflorescences of two or three white flowers, but more often the buds are single. They exude a very weak and almost imperceptible odor. He likes the soil to be always moist, but not moist.
A plant with long, pointed leaves that are dotted with silvery inclusions. These specks turn red under the direct rays of the sun. It has inflorescences consisting of 20 flowers. They are red-white or pink. They smell a weak but sweet smell.
Hoya obovata - consists of thin lianas on which motley leaves of rounded shape grow. Allows inflorescences of 20-30 flowers of light pink color. The central part of the flowers is decorated with dark purple corollas, from which nectar stands out. Exhausts sweet honey smell.
Hoya Multiflora - A plant with large leaves and a hard, straight stem. It grows quickly and blooms regularly. It has inflorescences of 15 white and yellow flowers of unusual shape. They resemble arrowheads or small rockets. It grows well in large pots with drainage layer. It prefers to be in the floor shaded place.
Hoya publicis - a plant with long and fleshy leaves, the surface of which is painted with silvery spots. Allows umbrella inflorescences, consisting of 30 flowers. There are varieties with gray-black and pink buds. The plant develops well at temperatures not higher than +25 ° C. Поливать нужно после просыхания грунта.
Хойя линеарис – предназначена для подвесных горшков. Состоит из длинных свисающих лиан, которые покрыты узкими листочками. Пускает соцветия из 12 цветков нежно-белого оттенка. Хорошо развивается в универсальном грунте с добавленным торфом. Растение влаголюбивое, поэтому поливать нужно часто.
Plant with a compact form and long leaves. Allows inflorescences of 25 fluffy flowers. The color of the buds is red with a dark corolla from which nectar drips. It develops rapidly in lighted areas with abundant watering. Loves loose soils with drainage.
Hoya crimson quin variety with flexible and branched vines that are covered with dense foliage. These leaves have a nice looking color. In the central part they are green, and on the edges are yellow-cream. On the stalks grow inflorescences, consisting of 25 light pink flowers. The plant loves loose soil, moderate irrigation and good lighting.
Hoya Buotti - has thin and curly stems with long and fleshy leaves. Allows inflorescences in the form of an umbrella, which consist of 10-30 flowers. The color of the petals varies from creamy white to light pink. Bloom for ten days, then in their place there are new buds. It develops well at an air temperature of +25 ° C. He likes regular watering, but without waterlogging.
Hoya Macrophillus - A plant with thin vines and large decorative leaves. Each sheet has a unique pattern. Glossy surface is mottled or dotted with yellow-green spots. Umbellar inflorescences, consisting of 10-25 flowers of white and purple hue. It prefers to grow at +18 ° C, but it adapts well to a higher temperature.
Hoya australis lisa
A plant with powerful lianas and fleshy leaves that have a decorative color. Their surface is yellow-green, and the edges are dark green and vice versa. Under the direct rays of the sun acquire a purple hue. Inflorescences after blooming buds take the form of a hemisphere, consist of 25-35 flowers of white color.
Hoya kentiana - consists of thin hanging lianas and long leaves with a motley surface. Having got under direct rays of the sun, leaves turn pink. Flowers bloom double with a pink shade and a yellow-purple halo. They are combined in umbellate inflorescences of 15-20 buds. Likes to be in bright light in the morning. You need to water 2-3 times a week.
Hoya Elliptic - A plant with strong stems, on which grow large and fleshy leaves. They are oval, on the surface there are patterns resembling the pattern of a turtle shell. Allows umbrella inflorescences, consisting of 20 flowers of white shade. Needs light in the morning and frequent watering. The temperature of the content can vary from +18 ° C to +35 ° C.
Hoya Kaudata - consists of thin lanyards of vines with fleshy leaves. The leaves have ribbed edges and bumps on the surface with a mottled coloration. The plant allows inflorescences in the form of an umbrella, which consist of 6-15 white flowers. Loves frequent watering and moderate illumination without direct sunlight.
Hoya care at home
The flower is easily grown at home. For this you need to provide the plant with a small hanging pot and standard care. Hoya like any other home plant needs good lighting, timely watering and proper temperature conditions.
Hoya is a light-loving plant, so it should be placed in a bright place. It can be a well-lit room or a window sill on the east or west side. It is necessary to avoid direct sunlight, because of which the foliage may turn yellow and fall off.
Due to its tropical origin, the flower loves warmth. In winter and summer, the ideal condition for plant development is a temperature from +15 ° C to + 25 ° C. But the flower can easily adapt to lower or higher heat readings.
Stapelia is also a member of the Lastovnev family. It is grown up at care in house conditions without special efforts if all rules of agrotechnology are observed. All the necessary recommendations for the cultivation and care of this wonderful plant can be found in this article.
Watering should be given special attention. Try to moisten the soil in a timely manner, not allowing waterlogging or drying.
If moisture accumulates on the pan, remove it. In the summer, watering is recommended twice a week, and in the winter alone. For irrigation, use warm and separated water.
Soil for hoi
Hoya can develop in any soil, but in fertile soil, this process will be faster. Standard soil mixtures for indoor plants or for palm trees sold in stores will do.
If you want to prepare the ground yourself, use leafy ground, sod, humus and sand. Mix these ingredients well in a ratio of 3: 2: 2: 1. You can also add to the soil bark of trees, which will provide good breathability.
Hoya transplant at home
The flower should be replanted every 3 years. This procedure is carried out in April. To transplant a plant from one pot to another, use the transfer method. After that, you only need to fill the ground.
If you plan to completely replace the soil, clean the root system of the old earth. Remove dried or decayed roots. Then place the flower in a new pot, gently covered with primer.
Most often for planting or transplanting choose hanging pots. They can be plastic, ceramic or wicker.
If you want your plant to grow well, choose spacious pots. For abundant flowering, use pots of small volume.
Fertilizers for hoya
To hoya quickly developed and bloomed abundantly, it must be regularly fed. Do this every month, starting in the spring and ending in the fall. Do not feed in the winter.
As a fertilizer, use Osmokot long-acting fertilizer - once a month. Also spray the plant with liquid humus, which contains a high content of trace elements - twice a month.
Hoya can not be cut or broken off, especially flower stalks - the stems on which the inflorescences appear.
Even after the flowering period is over, they do not need to be removed, because old flower stalks can still give new buds. Ordinary shoots also do not break off, and put support for them, so that they trailed along them.
The plant produces flowers two years after rooting or earlier. Flowering begins in June, and ends in July, then repeats in the fall. Flowers look like five-pointed, fluffy stars with a halo. They unite in the inflorescences reminding an umbrella or a hemisphere.
Buds come in various shades: white, red, gray, pink, yellow, and also mixed. They produce nectar, which has a honey smell. If there are several types in a room, then it is filled with a pleasant fragrance.
Hoya in winter
In winter, hoy need to provide a lower temperature in the room than in summer. Recommended temperature content not more than +15 ° C.
If the plant is warm in winter, few inflorescences will appear in summer.
Propagation hoya seeds
Seed should be no older than one year. Acquired seeds dry and plant in loose soil. To the soil is well absorbed moisture, mix in pieces of artificial fabrics - felt or burlap. Seedlings sprout in seven days.
During this period, waterlogging or drying of the soil should not be allowed. Seedlings should be kept in a warm room with good light. After three months, when the sprouts are strong, they can be transplanted into pots.
Hoya propagation by cuttings
Cut short cuttings, on which there should be 2-3 leaves and a few nodes. Put them in a jar, wrapped in foil from light. Fill with water from +22 ° C to +25 ° C.
Place the cuttings in a shaded and warm place. To create greenhouse conditions, the cuttings can be covered with foil. In this state, they will stand for two weeks and take root from the nodes. Then transplant them into pots with soil.
Hoya leaf reproduction
This is the longest and most difficult way to grow a flower. Not all leaves, having started roots, become a full-fledged plant. For this method, you will need a root growth stimulator, chemical hormones and a light, loose soil.
Wet the leaf stalk with a stimulant and plant in a pot with moist soil at a 45 ° angle. In a month, the roots will begin to germinate. During this period, the leaf should be given a hormone for the development of shoots - heteroauxin. Fill a few drops to the base of the stalk and after a week an escape will appear.
Hoya does not bloom - The reason for this frequent phenomenon may be a lack of light, high temperature of the air in the room during wintering, large size of the pot, frequent watering, especially in winter.
To bloom the plant, put it to the window or make artificial lighting. In winter, transfer the flower to a cool room where the temperature is not higher than +15 ° C. Transplant hoyu in a small pot, the diameter of which is not more than 20 cm. After watering, allow the soil to dry completely.
Yellow leaves - this is affected by a lack or excess light. Some varieties are badly affected by exposure to direct sunlight, which burns the foliage. Also, the dampness of the soil affects the yellowing of the leaves.
Solve the problem will turn, rearranging the flower in the floor shaded place. If your variety likes a lot of light, put it in a bright room. In the summer, water the plant no more than twice a week, and in the winter once.
Hoya is not growing - if for a long time new leaves or shoots do not appear on your flower, check and eliminate the following reasons: the room is too dark, there is not enough feeding with nitrogen content, a very close pot, the peduncles are cut.
It is necessary to feed the flower twice a month with fertilizers for indoor plants. For varieties with fleshy leaves, reduce the dose by half. Also transplant the hoya into a larger pot and hang it in a bright place near the east or west window.
Excess moisture and fertilizer. Both of these factors adversely affect the root system. Many fertilizers burn the roots, and dampness strangles the roots and they rot. Without roots, the plant ceases to receive moisture and nutrients. As a result, the leaves are dehydrated, becoming like a rag.
To solve this problem, reduce the feeding dose by half or temporarily stop fertilizing. Also, follow the soil moisture - it should always dry out after the next watering.
Spots on the leaves - infectious disease caused by fungus or viruses. Fungal stains are easily distinguished from viral. To do this, rub the sheet. If the stain is worn away, it means it was a fungal patina. If it is visible to the eye that the stain has ingrained the leaf, it means that it is viral necrosis, due to which the cellular tissue of the leaf dies.
These spots are the result of the vital activity of microorganisms that feed on cell sap. Therefore, you can kill them if you use antibiotics or fungicidal drugs.
Root nematodes - These are microscopic worms that live in the roots. The result of their malicious action is swelling and rotting of the roots. To get rid of parasites, you need to remove the plant from the soil, clean the roots and wash them in hot water - +55 ° C. Also disinfect the pot and the new soil. Transplant a flower, treat it with insecticides according to the instructions.
Shchitovka - small insects that feed on plant sap. They stick to the foliage or stem, resemble brown or red cocoons. As a result of the pest action, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, and the stems develop incorrectly. Insecticides will help to cope with shields.
Medicinal properties of hoi
This flower not only decorates, but also heals. It soothes the nervous system, improves mood, relieves headaches, helps with skin diseases and heals purulent wounds. Leaves are used to treat all these diseases.
Headaches are treated by placing a sheet to the temple. Skin problems are solved by chopping the leaves to a slurry, which is applied to the damaged area and wrapped with a bandage.
Side effects: The smell emitted by flowers can cause a severe headache. Therefore, people with chronic migraines should avoid this plant. Also, leaves cause allergic dermatitis.
Treatment of purulent wounds: chop the three leaves of the plant and two glasses of oatmeal. Then add water and stir to a state of gruel. Lubricate the wound with ointment for ten minutes, then rinse. Repeat the procedure three times a day for two weeks.
Treatment of boils - chop the leaf of the plant and attach it to the inflamed area. Then wrap a bandage. Change bandage twice a day. After improving the condition, you can reduce the number of dressings.