For planting of territory various plants are used. Fir balsamic Nana - a great option for such a case. This evergreen conifer is part of the pine family. Its decorative properties cause one admiration.
Balsam fir Nana has a height of 23-35 m. The tree has a regular cone-shaped crown, which descends to the ground. Smooth bark has a gray-brown tint. The length of the needles is 15-25 mm. The upper part has a dark green color, and the bottom - whitish stripes.
The balsam Nana fir cones are oval-cylindrical in shape. They are equal in length to 10 cm, and their diameter is 20-25 mm. The plant has a shallow root system. The lifespan of a plant can be more than 200 years.
Balsam fir Nana has the following characteristics:
- The tree grows slowly, fertilizer, watering and sun are necessary for its acceleration.
- The plant loves moisture.
- Looking sour or neutral loamy soil. Earthen mixtures for coniferous plants are suitable for planting.
- The plant is shade tolerant, but grows in the sun and in open places.
- It can tolerate severe frosts: a special frame is installed to protect against snow.
- It is affected by spruce-fir hermes.
- Planting takes place from March to November.
- Requires regular watering, treatment of Hermes, fertilizing.
- Great for decorating small gardens, landscaping roofs, loggias, balconies.
Planting and care
Balsam fir Nana is best planted in spring and autumn. In order for the plant to take root and delight with its beauty, it is necessary to plant according to the following rules:
- On heavy soils, a drainage arrangement of 20 cm is necessary. As a rule, fine gravel is used.
- Then a mixture of mineral substances and sawdust is poured.
- The root system of the plant is established in a soil mixture of clay, leaf earth, humus, peat and sand.
- Between the trees should be 2.5 m.
- The pit for planting should be 50x50 cm or 50x60 cm.
The root neck of the tree should be flush with the ground. The best survival rate of seedlings aged 5-10 years.
Balsam fir Nana is shade-tolerant and frost-resistant, which makes it easier to care for. But in the harsh climate due to frost may be freezing the stem section of the plant. The tree does not need decorative pruning, it independently forms the original crown. You can perform sanitary pruning, which removes old and damaged branches. The procedure is best done in the spring.
Although the drought-resistant balsam fir Nana, reviews of gardeners show that regular watering is beneficial for the plant. In summer, it is necessary to sprinkle the crown of the tree, which should be done every week. Due to the superficial root system, the plant is not completely stable, it is damaged by strong wind.
After planting and for the winter, you need to mulch the near-stem part of the seedling at a distance of about 50 cm. For this, chips, sawdust or peat are used. Mulch is laid 5-10 cm layer. The plant needs additional feeding 2-3 years after planting. In the spring, you must enter 100-125 grams. "Kemira Universal" in the near-trunk area. Mulch should not touch and close the root neck of fir.
There is a dwarf species of Nana fir. The plant is attractive in appearance, has a small size, the original shape of the crown and beautiful color needles. It is suitable for decorating plots, terraces, roofs and slopes. Single, group plantings are used, and the tree is planted in containers.
For group plantings, plants are combined with heather, Erics, rhododendrons and other flowering perennials. They also look beautiful on their own. Small conical shapes are ideal for rock garden and stone gardens. On the local area looks great single tree. The view of such a territory will delight everyone.
Fir oil is obtained from different types of fir, but the most effective is the production from the Siberian and balsamic species. In Canada, the tool is in demand as a healing balm. It has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, disinfectant properties.
The oil is used to care for the skin of the face, hands. From it prepare therapeutic masks with the use of other healing components. Oil is useful for hair - they will become stronger and look more beautiful.
In the landscape
Buttermilk looks great on the alleys. Plants are often used for arranging hedges. The decorative properties of balsamic fir make it attractive in solitary form and in group plantings. Also, the plant is combined with other trees.
Under natural conditions, the plant grows remarkably in the coastal area, so it is ideal for planting near water bodies. When constructing the backyard plot, one must remember that in the landscape design 2 plant varieties are in demand - Hudsonia and Nana. Wonderful ornamental trees will be a real decoration of the site.
Fir belongs to the family of pine and has more than 20 species, which differ in appearance and useful qualities. Growth in each species can also be different. In nature, you can find small ornamental shrubs not more than 50 cm high, or giants up to 40 meters high. Virtually all types balsamic fir have a pyramidal shape and widely spread branches with lush needles.
Plant cones are cone-shaped, brown, brownish-purple and violet. The bark of the tree is brown very smooth. In the wild, the plant reaches a height of no more than 25 meters. The upper part of the needles is dark green with light stripes in the lower part. The peculiarity of this species of fir is the complete absence of resin passages in the wood. They are located only in the bark, which is completely unusual for the pine family of another type.
Most popular types
In nature, there are more than twenty species of plants, including ornamental and cultural forms. The most popular varieties that are suitable for growing on the plot are dwarf slow-growing varieties:
- Kiwi - slow-growing shrub, reaching a height of no more than 50 cm. The plant has a rounded crown and dark dense needles. The needles are small, fluffy. The young tree has a soft blue tint. This variety is perfect for growing in small stone gardens and rockeries, and they can often be found in offices and homes. This plant is ideal for growing in pots.
- Nana is a small dwarf plant that reaches a height of 1 meter. The crown of the plant is quite large in girth reaches at least 2 meters. On the trunk are sprawling dense branches with thick, dark green needles. This variety of fir refers to shade-tolerant and frost-resistant trees. It is easy to care for and planting, making it a favorite of many gardeners. Perfect for landscaping stony gardens or terraces.
- Hudsonia is the most common variety in Russia. The variety was bred in the USA, where it grows to this day in the upper forests. This variety has dense green needles with a bluish tinge below.
- Piccolo is a highly decorative variety that has an extremely low growth. The tree does not reach a height of more than 30 cm. Its crown has a rounded shape and the needles are dense dark green. Excellent plant suitable for alpine slides and container plantings.
- Green Globe - a small plant of conifers has very soft and gentle needles. The krone does not require pruning due to its evenness and accuracy from nature. This fir is planted in solitary form and is perfect for container planting and alpine slides.
Features planting plants
Fir balsamic diamond is a very beautiful tree with a mass of useful properties. But to make it happy you with its appearance and aroma should be properly and in time planted in open ground.
So, it is preferable to plant this individual of the pine family in spring rather than in autumn. The place for this is to choose a shaded one, because fir is a shade-loving plant. Well, if near the landing site will be located reservoir.
The shrub grows well on soft, well-drained and loamy soil. It will grow in heavy soil., but you have to try and put a lot of effort into it:
- First you need to fill a drainage layer of at least 20 cm in the pit prepared for planting. A broken brick or small pebbles will work perfectly for this.
- On top of the drainage should cover a layer of rotted sawdust or a mixture of complex mineral fertilizers.
- But it is necessary to take into account the fact that the plant, despite the great love of moisture, does not tolerate too wet soil.
Planting and Care Rules
In order to plant a tree on your plot, you should buy seedlings of at least 4 years old. The landing should be carried out closer to mid-April and the day for this should be chosen cloudy, and even better rainy. Two weeks before landing it is necessary to prepare a pit with dimensions of 60x60x60 cm. Two buckets of water are poured into it, after which it is necessary to dig up the soil one deep into the bayonet.
A layer of drainage from broken brick or small rubble is laid on the excavated soil. On top of it is poured a layer of prepared substrate, which should fill the hole to half. The substrate is better to cook yourself. To do this, take three parts of humus, two parts of clay, peat and sand, 10 kg of sawdust, 300 grams of nitrophoska. Two weeks after the sedimentation of the soil is recommended to start planting. To do this, the root system of the seedling must be distributed neatly over the surface of the soil. The root neck of the seedling should be located at the level with the upper edge of the pit. After that, you need to fill the pit with the remaining substrate and compact the soil. When growing lanes landing need to be located at a distance of not less than 5 meters from each other.
Balsam fir has a high shade tolerance and frost resistance, so caring for it is not particularly difficult. But if it is grown in conditions frequent changes of temperature and harsh winters, frostbite of the trunk and branches is observed. Therefore, in the winter should cover the young shoots lapnikom. But do not forget that the plant has a surface root system, and therefore remains quite unstable in strong winds.
Despite the resistance to drought, fir loves when it gets a lot of moisture and on time. In the summer it is recommended to use the method of sprinkling the crown. In the spring, two or three waterings are enough for this purpose. After this, it is necessary to thoroughly weed the soil from weeds and plow it.
After planting, as well as for the winter, it is required to carefully grind the trunk ring with chips or sawdust. Mulch is required to lay a layer of at least 10 cm. This will help avoid drying out of the soil, as well as eliminate the freezing of the root system. The first time to feed the plant should be no earlier than two - three years after transplantation. In the spring you need to make 150 grams of Kerima Universal in the near-stem circle.
When mulching should not be laid a layer of mulch above the basal neck. In order to get a lush crown beauty should be periodically cut. Trimming is done in early spring before the juice goes down the trunk. Scissors or pruners should carefully remove the light dried branches. Decorative pruning is carried out only for the sake of necessity, because the crown of a tree from nature has almost perfect shape. But the shoots should be shortened by no more than a third of the original length.
Pest and disease control
Planting fir on the site does not require much effort, as well as in order to care for it. But the plant is prone to disease and pests. Most often, this tree species affects spruce-fir hermes, which belongs to aphid species. During the development of an insect, the needles of a plant lose color and turn yellow, with time it may simply crumble. To combat this parasite, the drug Antio or Rogor is perfect, which you need to treat the plant in early spring. Dilute the product should be strictly according to the instructions. This is done in order to destroy the surviving insects after a frosty winter.
Often the plant is affected by moths and leafworms, which are located in the cones and do not allow the plant to develop further, eating the needles. These pests are destroyed the same drugs as aphis.
If the tree is struck by rust, then it is necessary to cut and burn the affected branches. Pine needles that have fallen must also be removed and destroyed. All cuts are required to smear with garden pitch, which will help protect the branches from infection. After that, the crown should be treated with a 2% Bordeaux mixture solution.
Features of the plant balsam fir Nana (Nana) with photo
This miniature conifer tree has a short dark green needles, which have a beautiful glow from above, and below there are two light stripes.
Its fruits are cones, elongated, red-brown, reaching 5-10 cm in length. Fir needles exude a pleasant resinous scent.
The crown of a tree can be either narrow pyramidal or conical. Balsam fir grows very slowly, for 10 years it reaches no more than 30 cm.
Its branches are spreading, dense, growing horizontally. In the care it is not whimsical, hardy and shade-tolerant. Such a plant can easily withstand harsh climatic conditions. Small but strong branches can stand up under the weight of snow. It grows well both in the sun and in the shade, but does not like gusty winds that can damage a dwarf tree. Even during strong heat, with infrequent watering, fir will feel great, it is enough to water it 2 times a week.
Planting balsam fir and care for her
Seedlings of this plant are often bought in pots with prolonged fertilizer contained in the soil, which allows to preserve the root system during transplantation. Such a transplant allows the plant to settle down quickly and painlessly. Balsam fir Nana is planted from March to November, including on hot days. Despite the fact that this plant is quite shade-tolerant, it is better to plant it in lighted areas, this contributes to the accelerated growth of dwarf fir.
Young saplings need an increased level of humidity, therefore they are watered with water often enough settled or bezvesvestkovoy water. In summer, watering is done twice as often as in winter. In cold weather, the volume of water is reduced, so that the earth does not freeze over, otherwise the plant may die. Fir does not need additional feeding, and excess fertilizer, as a rule, leads to its accelerated growth. If the plant does not grow in size for a long time, it means that it lacks nutrients, then you need to feed it with special fertilizers. Top dressing is made in spring and early summer.
Many lovers of these decorative dwarf trees grow them in pots, and medium-sized containers are suitable for this. To do this, use loamy earth mixture containing a small amount of organic matter, which includes deciduous humus, crushed bark and peat. Balsam fir is transplanted only when its roots become crowded in a pot or container.
Pests and diseases of dwarf fir
If the tree is grown in good conditions, in compliance with all the requirements for its care, the fir is rarely affected by pests and diseases. They appear on the plant only when the tree is weakened, which can happen due to adverse weather conditions, excessive drought or severe frost. Trees are mainly affected by fir hermes.
Application of Dwarf Nana Fir
Due to the external attractiveness of this plant, its small size, unusual shape of the crown and the beautiful color of the needles it is used for decorating gardens, landscaping terraces and roofs and decorating slopes.
Single, group plantings are used, in addition, very often balsam fir Nana is grown in containers.
When group planting, these trees are combined with their low counterparts: heather, Erica, rhododendrons and other flowering perennials. They also look impressive in their own right.
Dwarf cone-shaped forms perfectly adorn rock gardens and stone gardens. On the local territory and lawn looks better single tree. Balsam fir, the photo of which is presented below, is also used in traditional medicine. Its oil effectively helps with colds, and coniferous extract is added to various cosmetic preparations with healing, anti-inflammatory effects. From fir branches make elegant New Year and Christmas wreaths and garlands.
Balsamic Nana Fir General Description
According to the description of the variety, Nana fir has the following characteristics:
- The size. The height of the trunk of an adult plant - 1 m. The diameter of the crown reaches 1.5-2 m.
- Growth rate Хвойная порода растет медленно. Ускорить развитие пихты помогает внесение удобрений, регулярный полив и хорошее освещение.
- Потребность в поливе. The tree does not tolerate dry weather, with low humidity it must be constantly watered. Mulching helps reduce evaporation.
- Requirements for the quality of the soil. Dwarf fir grows well in loamy soils with a weakly acid reaction. You can grow a plant in the finished soil for conifers.
- Attitude towards light. Growing in the shade slows down the development of the tree, it is recommended to plant the crop in open areas.
- Frost resistance The plant is insensitive to temperature extremes, adult trees do not need additional winter care.
- Pests and diseases. Fir is resistant to most diseases, but in some cases, the tree can infect spruce hermes.
- Landing time. Saplings transferred into the open ground from March to September.
- Application. Nana fir is used to decorate gardens, balconies, terraces and alpine slides. Fir grows poorly in conditions of severe air pollution, so it is not recommended to grow it in industrial areas. The tree can be used to decorate the house during the New Year and Christmas holidays. Essential oils are used in medicine and cosmetology.
How to plant fir?
In the open ground carry trees over 5 years. Such a plant takes root well and is not subject to pest attacks. The roots of dwarf conifers are close to the surface, so winds can uproot small trees. The plant is planted in a well-lit place, protected from the wind. So the tree will grow better. When growing balsam fir Nana, planting and leaving after transfer to the ground include the following measures:
- The formation of the landing hole. A hole 80 cm deep is dug. The width and length of the hole should coincide with the diameter of the earth seedling. Dense soil is recommended to drain, for which the bottom of the pit is covered with fine material. A layer of sawdust is laid out over the rubble.
- Soil preparation. Before planting the plants make a small amount of mineral fertilizer. For the cultivation of dwarf fir using a mixture of clay, peat and humus. You can buy ready-made soil for conifers. The pit is filled with soil half.
- Transfer of seedlings. The tree is placed in the hole, sprinkling the roots with soil. Radical neck is left above the ground. After the formation of the stalk area a tree is watered with 30 l of water
Rules for the care of fir Nan
When growing fir, the following measures should be taken:
- Watering. The culture is resistant to low humidity, but the conifer grows well only when it receives a sufficient amount of water. In the summer, watering is combined with spraying the crown. Sprinkling is carried out 2-3 times in the spring, after which the soil is weeded. In summer, fir is watered weekly, bringing up to 20 liters of water.
- Mulching. Pristvolny circle covered with sawdust or shavings. The material is laid in a layer with a thickness of at least 10 cm. This helps to avoid moisture loss and freezing of the roots.
- Fertilizer. The first feeding is carried out 2 years after planting. In the spring make 150 g Kemira Universal.
- Formation. The tree has strong branches, but with the accumulation of a large amount of snow they can break. Avoiding this installation of props. Form a crown by removing the buds of lateral shoots in the fall.
- Pest treatment. Diseases occur when a tree is weakened due to adverse weather conditions or a moisture deficit. When the plant is infested with pests, the needles turn yellow and fall off. In the spring on white needles appear white outgrowths. Spraying with systemic insecticides helps clean the tree.
- Frost protection. If the culture is grown in a region with a harsh climate, frostbite of young shoots is observed in winter. In the first 2-3 years after landing in the ground, the tree is warmed with spruce branches.
How does the plant reproduce?
Fir propagation is carried out by the seed method and grafting. The methods are labor intensive and time consuming. After sowing, a small part of the seed germinates. Before planting, the soil is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. This helps to avoid the occurrence of fungal diseases. Strengthened sprouts are seated in separate containers, which are kept in a well-lit room. A simpler option is to buy seedlings in nurseries. Plants are trained, allowing them to easily take root in the open field.
Balsam fir is an evergreen tree with a regular cone-shaped crown. The height of the fir in the forests of North America can reach 25 - 35 m. The branches descending to the ground level are covered with smooth bark of a gray-brown color. The shiny needles in the upper part are painted in dark green color, and the bottom is decorated with white stripes. Cylindrical bumps up to 10 cm long change color as it develops.
Balsam fir can grow in one place for up to 200 years.
In culture, dwarf varieties are of particular interest:
- "Kiwi" is a miniature bush, not exceeding a height of half a meter in adulthood. Over the years, the dark green needles lose the bluish tint inherent in young specimens.
- “Gudzonia” is a popular mountain fir of dwarf size with black-green needles.
- Balsam fir “Nana” is a dwarf shrub up to 1 m in height with a rounded crown formed by sprawling and branched shoots.
- Green Globe is a coniferous tree with a height of 1 m and dark green needles, which in the spring at the ends of the shoots acquire a golden hue. The crown in the shape of the correct ball does not need a haircut.
Preparation of seedlings before planting
If the planting material was purchased with an open root system, the rhizome of the seedling should be soaked in an insecticidal water solution, which will destroy the infection and the larvae of pests. When buying seedlings in a flower shop, their root system is usually in a container with an earthy ball. In this case, the roots are immersed in a clay talker, after which the planting material is planted in the ground.
Planting work is carried out on a rainy or overcast day according to the following algorithm:
- Planting pits with the parameters of 50x50 cm are dug out on the crown area with fertile and well-drained soil.
- The distance between the pits, due to the specifics of the development and location of the roots, is maintained within 2.5 m.
- At the bottom is placed a drainage layer in 20 cm of broken brick or gravel.
- Drainage is sprinkled with a small amount of complex mineral fertilizers, which, in turn, are harvested with sawdust to protect the fir roots from burns.
- Next, set the seedling, the rhizome of which is sprinkled with a mixture of clay, peat, humus, leaf soil and sand in equal parts.
- After landing, the area around the trunk is compacted and moistened.
Plant care rules
Due to such characteristics of balsam fir, as frost resistance and shade tolerance, it is quite simple to care for the crop.
- Watering, loosening and mulching. It is recommended to water the culture three times during the summer season at the rate of 20 liters for each copy. After watering or precipitation, the trunk circle is recommended to loosen, and then to be ground with a layer of straw or peat 8 cm thick.
- Top dressing. If the seedlings were planted in fertile soil, the first enrichment of the soil is carried out with the help of complex mineral fertilizers after 4 years of development in a permanent place.
- Crop. Forming haircut fir balsamic is not required, because it independently forms a fluffy and correct crown of dense branches. For sanitary purposes, pruning is carried out in the springtime, when dry, injured branches are removed.
- Preparation of fir for the winter. Despite the frost resistance of the crop, due to the superficial root system, the trunk circle of young specimens with the onset of cold weather is mulched and covered with fir spruce branches. Caution! With the arrival of spring, the needles of two-, three-year-old plants planted in sunny areas may suffer from sunburn.
- Protection of the ephedra from diseases and pests. The decorative effect of balsam fir can suffer from fir hermes, pine cones and pine fir moth. If during the inspection of a tree, signs of vital activity of one of the above-mentioned pests were detected, the crown is treated with an insecticidal solution. In case of violation of care recommendations, the ornamental garden dweller may be affected by rust. In order to cure a tree of a fungal disease, it is necessary to cut off the affected shoots and burn it, and then to spray it with a fungicide.
To preserve varietal qualities, a vegetative propagation technique is used, in which:
- For procurement of cuttings, annual shoots with apical buds on the northern side of the tree are selected.
- The process of cutting cuttings 8 cm long with heels is carried out in the spring on a cloudy day.
- The tank is filled with a mixture of peat, sand and leafy earth in equal parts.
- Planting material is buried in the substrate and covered with caps.
- The container is transferred to a bright place, from where it moves to the air in summer.
- In winter, the container with cuttings is aged in the cellar, and in the middle of next spring it is again taken out onto the street.
- Rooted cuttings only in the second year.
If the gardener was able to extract seeds from highly located cones, then you can try to propagate the type species in a generative way.
- In winter, the seed is refrigerated for stratification.
- In mid-spring, the seeds are sealed to a depth of 2 cm and covered with a film that prevents the formation of a crust.
- When shoots appear, the beds are loosened and watered.
- In winter, in the first year, seedlings are covered with spruce branches.
- And in the spring of new rooted specimens planted at a permanent place of growth.
Fir in landscape design
Despite the decorative and spectacular appearance, balsam fir and its varieties are not very suitable for planting urban landscape gardening areas, since they do not tolerate polluted air.
However, country houses and homestead plots in residential areas may well be decorated with this luxurious conifer:
- Tall specimens look great in single landings against a bright lawn.
- Sredneroslye fir used in group ensembles.
- With the help of dwarf varieties are made rockeries and the lower tier of the Alpine hills.
Thus, an attractive and undemanding fir balsam with proper care will be an elegant evergreen decoration of the territory, remote from industrial areas.
Description of balsamic fir and tree height
Balsam fir - tree up to 15–20 m high, trunk up to 1 m in diameter. The crown is correct-conical, dense, lowered low. The bark is thin, pale gray, smooth, resinous in young trees, in old age reddish-brown, fissured, up to 2 cm thick. The shoots of youth are yellow-green, pubescent, then gray, naked. Kidney spherical or ovate, resinous smell, greenish-purple characteristic color.
Look at the photo - the balsam fir needles are 15–25 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, dark green above, shiny, bottom with two whitish stripes, blunt or slightly notched at the end, is comb-like:
The needles are kept on the branches for 4–7 years, very resinous and fragrant. The needles on the shoot are arranged in the shape of the Latin letter V and are almost perpendicular to each other. Cones are oval-cylindrical, 5–10 cm long, 2–2.5 cm thick, young dark purple, mature — gray-brown, very resinous, ripen and crumble in October. Wide wedge-shaped seed scales have a length of about 15 mm, they ripen in oval-cylindrical gray-brown highly resinous cones 5-10 cm long and only 2-2.5 cm thick.
When describing balsam fir, its branches deserve special attention: the lower ones hang so low that they touch the soil, they can easily take root. Therefore, you can take such rooted shoots for reproduction on the site. Young trees create a spectacular group with the mother plant. Fruiting begins at the age of 20-30 years. Trees react extremely badly to soil compaction and breaking off branches. Balsam fir lives 150–200 years.
Balsam fir is the most common species in Canada; it grows on the border with coniferous forests. This type of shade-tolerant, plants grow relatively quickly, shoots in the climate of the Central zone fully time to mature.
Balsam fir has several successful varieties that are suitable for decorative qualities and climatic preferences for growing in conditions of a sharply continental climate. The variety of balsamic fir Hudsonia (Hudsonia) is a dwarf tree with a wide crown and very thick branches and short numerous shoots, bluish-green needles, Nana (Nana) are dwarf trees about 50 cm in height with a rounded crown with a diameter of 2–2.5 m, which consists of spreading and densely growing branches with dense dark green short needles. This shade-tolerant variety, tolerates low temperatures very well, propagates by cuttings or grafts, looks great in rocky gardens. Caring for them is similar to caring for other types of fir or dwarf spruce plants.
Growing balsamic fir: planting and care
Planting balsamic fir on the site can be made both in spring and autumn, but spring planting in pre-prepared pits is preferable.
On heavy soils, it is required to build a drainage layer of 20 cm of fine crushed stone or brick battle. A mixture of mineral fertilizers and rotted sawdust should be poured over the drainage layer. Install the root system of the plant should be on a layer of soil mixture consisting of clay, leaf soil, humus, peat and sand. When balsam fir is grown, the minimum distance between adjacent trees should be about 2.5 m, which is due to the peculiarities of the plant root system. The landing pit should have parameters of 50 x 50 cm or 50 x 60 cm.
The root neck of the planted plant must necessarily be located on the same level with the ground. The best survival rate show seedlings, whose age varies from five to ten years.
Caring for balsamic fir is not difficult: trees are sufficiently shade tolerant and frost-resistant. However, in too harsh climatic conditions under the influence of return frost, freezing of the stem part of the fir is often observed.
The plant absolutely does not need decorative pruning and is able to independently form an attractive crown. Sanitary pruning, which allows to remove old and injured branches, is carried out in the spring, before the start of active sap flow.
Despite the relative drought tolerance, after planting it should be watered regularly when caring for balsam fir. In addition, it is recommended to carry out weekly sprinkling of the plant crown during the summer period. It should also be remembered that the surface root system makes the plant not very stable and can be damaged by strong gusts of wind.
Balsam view: description of dwarfs and giants
Depending on the variety, the plants belonging to this species grow from half a meter to 25 m. The flat branches with flattened needles are located on a thin, smooth stem. Fir differs from other pine species in high content of essential oils and resin. The color of the needles varies from bright green to silver gray, ripe cones can be blue, yellow, crimson or yellow.
The main advantage of balsamic fir is its plasticity. Soft twigs and needles are easily machined. With the help of garden shears, a tree is shaped into a cone or ball.
Evergreen conifers are famous for their antiseptic and detoxifying properties. Fir ether is used in cosmetology and pharmacology for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, as a tonic for massage and aromatherapy. Gardeners grow balsamic varieties, not only for beauty, but also for harvesting from the branches of bath brooms with fir aroma.
- The best companions are pines and firs.
Landscape designers form of hedgehogs hedges and landscape gardening compositions. Low-growing species, like Nana, are used to decorate alpine slides and to form plant borders. An extraordinary solution - dwarf fir in pots, placed among other low-growing plants.
In garden landscapes, fir trees are perfectly combined with larches, pines, spruces, berry yews and birches. In the presence of a strong root system, they are able to suppress the growth of other plants, therefore, they are planted with fir far from fruit crops. The exception is the mountain ash and crimson bushes.
Tall trees are not recommended to be placed next to the white acacia, chestnuts, roses, lilacs, poplars.
Some gardeners prefer to plant rare varieties on the sides of the wicket or gate, others create curtains and high hedges. Thanks to the dark green omitted branches, a special visual effect of an impregnable fortress is created. Moreover, the lower shoots that cover the ground, over time, give roots and turn into rooted cuttings.
Fir Nana, Piccolo and Glauka for gardening
Нана (Abies balsamea Nana) – один из эффектных бальзамных сортов, отличающийся высокой морозостойкостью. Растение низкорослое, шарообразное, произрастающее на кислых и нейтральных суглинистых почвах. Тяжело переносит засуху, нуждается в обильном поливе и поддержании высокой влажности воздуха. It survives well near water bodies and in shady areas.
- It features a rounded crown and spreading shoots growing horizontally.
- By the age of 10, it grows to 0.6 m, and the diameter is 1.5 m. By the age of 40, it reaches a maximum height of 1 m.
- The needles are dark green and thick. The originality of the crown is given by bluish-white stripes located on the lower side of each needle.
- An adult tree during the flowering period produces yellow-red buds of small diameter.
Fir balsamic Nana is known for being used in the creation of Christmas interior compositions. In the photo and in reality, it looks great with heather, rhododendrons and other flowering perennial plants. It is recommended to plant in stony and heather gardens, use for landscaping roofs and terraces.
If you choose to grow fir balsamic Piccolo (Piccolo), then you should note that it differs in a small number of balsamic nodules. The maximum height of the crown is 0.3-0.5 m. The needles have a dark green color, blunt ends and a fleshy shape. The tips of the branches acquire an attractive light-green frame. So that the needles are not yellowed, young specimens for wintering are prune with covers.
- grows in open areas, painlessly transfers the direct rays of the sun,
- the duration of active growth from 300 years and above
- has a compact shape
- Looks incredible among the mosses and along the tracks.
Glauk fir is a tall conical variety. Mature trees reach 25 m in height. Differs an exotic blue color of needles. It grows slowly, gives an increase of about 2.5 cm per year. The branches are easy to form, but are fragile. Seedlings are sent to shaded places, protected from wind and direct sunlight. Tall Glauka tolerates drought better than other varieties and can grow on depleted soils.
The above varieties are adapted to the Russian climatic conditions and grow throughout the country.